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BACKGROUND A new technique exists that enables functional mapping of the retina. A control population was examined to obtain normative values and to assess the reproducibility of this new test. METHODS Twenty healthy volunteers were tested using a 61 hexagonal array stimulus with a 14 minute recording period. Median 5th and 95th percentiles were(More)
Classical electromagnetic theory is used to examine the topographical variation in electrical potentials over the corneal surface resulting from specific retinal stimuli. Results from a three-dimensional mathematical model show that over 97% of calculated electromagnetic field potentials lie within 3% of previous analytical model data for an axially(More)
AIMS/BACKGROUND An objective method for detecting hemifield and quadrantic visual field defects has been developed using steady state visual evoked cortical potentials (VECPs), an adaptive noise canceller (ANC), and Hotelling's t2 statistic. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the technique. METHODS Nine subjects(More)
The effect of filter bandwith on the multifocal electroretinogram was assessed by means of theoretical calculation, electronic simulation and real multifocal electroretinogram recordings. Waveform distortion by high-pass filtering on simulated square waves, normal electroretinogram waveforms and negative electroretinogram waveforms was demonstrated. The(More)
Functional mapping of the retina by multifocal electroretinographic recordings is now possible. We compared the normal range, repeatability and response topography of this new technique with conventional static Humphrey perimetry to assess its suitability in clinical practice. The multifocal technique was performed on 60 age-matched controls. Measures of(More)
The purpose of this paper is to compare and evaluate the multifocal ERG response from raster based CRT and Digital Projection (LCD) stimulus delivery systems. A custom built p.c. based multifocal system was used to generate a 61 hexagonal element stimulus array. The stimulus was presented on a high luminance CRT display and on a back projected screen using(More)
A system for recording electroretinograms and visual evoked cortical potentials has been constructed with the use of a personal computer and a digital signal processing card. The system is based on widely available commercial hardware. It has been designed to be capable of performing routine visual electrophysiology as well as allowing the development of(More)
There is no standardised approach to modelling knowledge-based systems; where modelling is adopted, the techniques used are those from the software engineering domain. These tend to be used in an ad hoc way and are highly dependent on the experience of the knowledge engineers. This paper presents the adoption of a profile mechanism for the design of(More)
There are a wide range of variables which can influence the quality of the multifocal response. It is possible to place these variables into one of four categories. First, the method of stimulus delivery will determine the field of view, interference levels and the duration of on-state stimulation. Second, data acquisition variables such as electrode type(More)