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Alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) is an important component of neuronal and glial inclusions in brains of patients with several neurodegenerative disorders. Sporadic inclusion-body myositis (s-IBM) is the most common progressive muscle disease of older patients. Its muscle phenotype shows several similarities with Alzheimer disease brain. A distinct feature of(More)
Genome-wide gene expression profiling of skeletal muscle from Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients has been used to describe muscle tissue alterations in DMD children older than 5 years. By studying the expression profile of 19 patients younger than 2 years, we describe with high resolution the gene expression signature that characterizes DMD muscle(More)
We describe clinical, morphological and biochemical findings of a patient with reducing body myopathy (RBM). This 15-year-old patient was affected by severe limb-girdle progressive myopathy with asymmetric distribution. Muscle biopsy showed many fibers with cytoplasmic polymorphic masses, which stained dark purple with modified Gomori's trichrome,(More)
We investigated the relationship between the MHC-I, MHC-II and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression on myofibres and the presence of inflammatory cells in muscle specimens of 18 patients with inflammatory myopathies (nine polymyositis, seven dermatomyositis, two inclusion body myositis). We observed MHC-I expression in muscle fibres,(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 10%-14% of ischemic strokes occur in young adults. AIMS To investigate risk factors and etiologies of strokes of young adults admitted to the "stroke unit" of Policlinico "Gemelli" of Rome from December 2005 to January 2013. METHODS In all, 150 consecutive patients younger than 50 years diagnosed with ischemic stroke were(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of the study were: (1) to evaluate subjective sleep quality and daytime sleepiness in patients affected by sporadic inclusion-body myositis (IBM); (2) to define the sleep and sleep-related respiratory pattern in IBM patients. METHODS Thirteen consecutive adult patients affected by definite IBM were enrolled, six women and seven men,(More)
Inflammatory myopathies (IM) are acquired diseases of skeletal muscle comprising dermatomyositis (DM), polymyositis (PM), and inclusion-body myositis (IBM). Immunosuppressive therapies, usually beneficial for DM and PM, are poorly effective in IBM. We report the isolation and characterization of mesoangioblasts, vessel-associated stem cells, from diagnostic(More)
Two brothers with myopathic coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency responded dramatically to CoQ10 supplementation. Muscle biopsies before therapy showed ragged-red fibers, lipid storage, and complex I + III and II + III deficiency. Approximately 30% of myofibers had multiple features of apoptosis. After 8 months of treatment, excessive lipid storage resolved,(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and its receptor Fn14 exert pleiotropic effects, including regulation of myogenesis. Sporadic inclusion-body myositis (IBM) is the most common muscle disease of the elderly population and leads to severe disability. IBM mesoangioblasts, different from mesoangioblasts in other inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND The limb girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD) are a heterogeneous group of Mendelian disorders highlighted by weakness of the pelvic and shoulder girdle muscles. Seventeen autosomal loci have been so far identified and genetic tests are mandatory to distinguish among the forms. Mutations at the calpain 3 locus (CAPN3) cause LGMD type 2A. (More)