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The structure of the bile acid molecule is described and correlated with physiochemical properties of bile acids such as solubility, ionization, and micelle formation. Recent measurements of the critical micellar concentration (CMC) of a large number of bile acids indicate that the CMC is influenced by both side chain and nuclear structure. Bile acids with(More)
The interaction of human serum albumin with twelve bile acids (ba) has been studied by equilibrium dialysis technique using 3H- and 14C-labeled bile acids. The physiological bile acids studied were: cholic, chenodeoxycholic, deoxycholic, lithocholic, ursodeoxycholic, and 7-ketolithocholic acids, all in the free and conjugated (with glycine and taurine)(More)
UNLABELLED A structure-activity relationship for bile acid (BA) intestinal absorption is known to exist. To better understand the BA structural requirements for optimal BA intestinal absorption, rabbit ileal perfusion studies were performed. Unconjugated BA: Ursodeoxycholic (UDCA) and ursocholic acid (UCA) with methyl (6MUDCA and 6MUCA) or fluoro group(More)
BACKGROUND Despite a plethora of bioluminescent reporter genes being cloned and used for cell assays and molecular imaging purposes, the simultaneous monitoring of multiple events in small animals is still challenging. This is partly attributable to the lack of optimization of cell reporter gene expression as well as too much spectral overlap of the(More)
The hepatic extraction of unconjugated and taurine-conjugated bile acids, provided with different hydrophilicity values, has been measured in the perfused rat liver, in order to evaluate the role of the bile acid structure and bile acid hydrophilicity on their uptake by the liver. Ursocholic, cholic, ursodeoxycholic and chenodeoxycholic acids, free and(More)
Background—A non-invasive test for assessment of fat digestion has been developed based on the intraluminal hydrolysis of cholesteryl-[1-13 C]octanoate by pancre-atic esterase. Aims—To determine the diagnostic performance of this breath test in the assessment of exocrine pancreatic function. Methods—The test was performed in 20 healthy controls, 22 patients(More)
As patients decline from health to type 2 diabetes, glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) typically becomes impaired. Although GSIS is driven predominantly by direct sensing of a rise in blood glucose by pancreatic β-cells, there is growing evidence that hypothalamic neurons control other aspects of peripheral glucose metabolism. Here we investigated(More)
Phytosterols, besides hypocholesterolemic effect, present anti-inflammatory properties. Little information is available about their efficacy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Therefore, we have evaluated the effect of a mixture of phytosterols on prevention/induction/remission in a murine experimental model of colitis. Phytosterols were administered x os(More)
New reliable and cost-effective antimalarial drug screening assays are urgently needed to identify drugs acting on different stages of the parasite Plasmodium falciparum, and particularly those responsible for human-to-mosquito transmission, that is, the P. falciparum gametocytes. Low Z' factors, narrow dynamic ranges, and/or extended assay times are(More)
A single-tube radioimmunoassay for both cholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid conjugates in serum is based on the use of [1-(14)C]glycocholic acid and [H-3H]glycochenodeoxycholic acid as tracers. The assay was shown to be specific, sensitive, accurate, and precise (CV = 13% at low concentrations, 5.5% at higher concentrations) when used for serum samples(More)