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A public concern is continuously arising about the presence of natural and anthropogenic compounds which affect human health by modulating normal endocrine functions. These substances, defined as endocrine disrupting compounds (EDC) represent an heterogeneous class of molecules either steroidal or not, sharing the ability of interfering with the endocrine(More)
Two independent methods have been developed and compared to determine the lipophilicity of a representative series of naturally occurring bile acids (BA) in relation to their structure. The BA included cholic acid (CA), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), deoxycholic acid (DCA), hyodeoxycholic acid (HDCA), ursocholic acid (UCA),(More)
New analogs of ursodeoxycholic acid and 7-epicholic acid containing a 6 alpha-methyl group were synthesized, and their physico-chemical properties were studied and compared with those of their natural analogs. The 6 alpha-methyl group slightly increases the lipophilicity and slightly lowers the critical micellar concentration with respect to the(More)
Many recent bioanalytical systems based on immunologic and hybridization reactions in a mono- or bidimensional microarray format require technology that can produce arrays of spots containing biospecific molecules. Some microarray deposition instruments are commercially available, and other devices have been described in recent papers. We describe a system(More)
Drug screening, that is, the evaluation of the biological activity of candidate drug molecules, is a key step in the drug discovery and development process. In recent years, high-throughput screening assays have become indispensable for early stage drug discovery because of the developments in synthesis technologies, such as combinatorial chemistry and(More)
The relationship between chemical structure and the concentration at which self-association occurs in water or in 0.15 M Na+ ion was examined for more than 50 bile salts and bile salt analogues varying in substituents on the steroid nucleus or in the structure of the side chain. Nuclear substituents varied in type (alpha- or beta-hydroxy, or oxo group) and(More)
UNLABELLED A structure-activity relationship for bile acid (BA) intestinal absorption is known to exist. To better understand the BA structural requirements for optimal BA intestinal absorption, rabbit ileal perfusion studies were performed. Unconjugated BA: Ursodeoxycholic (UDCA) and ursocholic acid (UCA) with methyl (6MUDCA and 6MUCA) or fluoro group(More)
We describe a rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of the most relevant metabolites of benzene and toluene, t,t-muconic acid (t,t-MA), S-phenylmercapturic acid (S-PMA), and S-benzylmercapturic acid (S-BMA). Urine samples were purified before(More)
8-Hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8OHdG), one of the major oxidative DNA lesions induced by radical agents, is commonly used as a biomarker for oxidative stress, nowadays preferably in urine. In the absence of a commercially available internal standard a micro-high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry(More)
A side chain derivative of ursodeoxycholic acid, 23-methylursodeoxycholic acid, was synthesized and the effect of i.v. infusion of the acid at different doses (0.75, 1.5, 3.0 and 6.0 mumoles per min per kg body weight over 1 hr) on bile flow, on its hepatic biotransformations and on biliary lipid secretion has been studied in bile fistula rats. The results(More)