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It has been reported in several cell lines that exposure to low levels of reactive oxygen species can exert a stimulatory effect on their proliferation. We have previously shown that mild oxidative conditions can also counteract apoptotic stimuli. A constitutive cellular production of low levels of superoxide and hydrogen peroxide originates from various(More)
BACKGROUND Rabbits provide an excellent model for many animal and human diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, for the development of new vaccines in wound healing management and in the field of tissue engineering of tendon, cartilage, bone and skin.The study presented herein aims to investigate the biological properties of bone marrow rabbit MSCs(More)
Transient reduction in coronary perfusion pressure in the isolated mouse heart increases microvascular resistance (paradoxical vasoconstriction) by an endothelium-mediated mechanism. To assess the presence and extent of paradoxical vasoconstriction in hearts from normal and diabetic rats and to determine whether increased heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression(More)
Nephrotoxicity is a side-effect and the main factor limiting the clinical use of cisplatin. In vivo, the administration of the cysteine-containing tripeptide glutathione (GSH) has been found to reduce nephrotoxicity, but the biochemical mechanism of this protective action is not fully understood. The present study was designed to gain insights into the(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a chronic neutrophilic airways inflammation, increasing levels of oxidative stress and reduced levels of antioxidants such as glutathione (GSH). Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), an enzyme induced by oxidative stress and involved in the catabolism of GSH and its derivatives,(More)
BACKGROUND The causes of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) are unknown. A bulk of evidence supports the hypothesis that oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction can be implicated in ALS pathogenesis. METHODS =: We assessed, in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and in plasma of 49 ALS patients and 8 controls, the amount of oxidized proteins (AOPP, advanced(More)
Previous studies have documented that activity of the plasma membrane enzyme gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is accompanied by prooxidant processes, with production of reactive oxygen species and oxidation of cellular protein thiols. The present work was aimed to verify the occurrence and extent of S-thiolation mediated by GGT and characterize the molecular(More)
Total plasma gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity is a sensitive, non-specific marker of liver dysfunction. Four GGT fractions (b-, m-, s-, f-GGT) were described in plasma and their differential specificity in the diagnosis of liver diseases was suggested. Nevertheless fractional GGT properties have not been investigated yet. The aim of this study was(More)
BACKGROUND Patients on warfarin therapy undergo invasive and expensive checks for the coagulability of their blood. No information on coagulation levels is currently available between two controls. METHODOLOGY A method was developed to determine warfarin in oral fluid by HPLC and fluorimetric detection. The chromatographic separation was performed at room(More)
Cardiovascular epidemiology has recently highlighted a clear link between serum γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and risk for stroke, infarction and cardiovascular death, associated with the evolution of atherosclerosis-related conditions, such as coronary artery and cerebrovascular disease. Thus, serum GGT is now recognized as a cardiovascular prognostic(More)