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Thirty years after its introduction, the use of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) keeps increasing, especially among children and adolescents. The technique, when used properly, is safe and effective.Compared with traditional NPH-based multiple daily injections (MDI), CSII provides a small but clinically important reduction of HbA(1c) levels,(More)
Because previous studies have suggested that lung surfactant is not a simple compartment of homogeneous material, we subfractionated lamellar bodies and components of alveolar lavage from male New Zealand white rabbits, according to differences in sedimentability. We recovered two lamellar body populations at different densities in discontinuous sucrose(More)
Transformations of surfactant after secretion are incompletely understood. To clarify them, we lavaged lungs in fetuses and in newborn rabbits, fractionated the lavage fluid by differential and density gradient centrifugation, and analyzed the distribution of surfactant protein (SP) phospholipids, SP-A, SP-B, and SP-C. Furthermore, we administered into(More)
AIMS The superiority of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) over multiple daily injections (MDI) with glargine is uncertain. In this randomized cross-over study, we compared CSII and MDI with glargine in patients with Type 1 diabetes well controlled with CSII. The primary end-point was glucose variability. METHODS Thirty-nine patients [38.1(More)
Human surfactant protein C (hSP-C(1-197)) is synthesized as a 197 amino acid proprotein and cleaved to a mature 3.7 kD form. Although interstitial lung disease in patients with mutations of the hSP-C gene is becoming increasingly recognized, the mechanisms linking molecular events with clinical pathogenesis are not fully defined. We describe a full-term(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal was to study exogenous surfactant disaturated phosphatidylcholine (DSPC) kinetics in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) who were treated with 100 or 200 mg/kg porcine surfactant. METHODS Sixty-one preterm infants with RDS undergoing mechanical ventilation received, within 24 hours after birth, 100 mg/kg (N = 40) or(More)
AIM To study the effect of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) on metabolic control and well-being in patients with Type 1 diabetes. METHODS Efficacy, safety and interference with everyday life associated with CSII were studied retrospectively in 138 diabetic patients from the Veneto region treated for 7.4 +/- 0.4 years. RESULTS Glycosylated(More)
The cellularity of normal and lipomatous adipose tissue and its response to different lipolytic agents have been studied in a group of 10 patients with multiple symmetric lipomatosis (MSL). In MSL patients, fat cells from lipomatous tissue are smaller than normal, uninvolved adipocytes. Fat cells from lipomata show minimal variations in size following(More)
We report on clinical and metabolic studies of a newly delineated lipomatosis, characterised by an abnormal mediastinal and abdominal accumulation of fat, without obesity. The clinical features, which occurred in all the patients studied, are: Exertional dyspnoea due to a space-occupying mediastinal accumulation of fat, without evidence of cardiac or(More)