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Lactoferrin (Lf) is a multifunctional iron-binding glycoprotein with antibacterial and immunomodulatory activities. The antibacterial influence of orally administered bovine Lf (bLf) against murine infection caused by Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) has scarcely been explored. In the current study, Balb/c mice were treated orally for 7 days with(More)
Although intraepithelial T lymphocytes of the large intestine (LI) are known to differ from those of the small intestine (SI) in phenotype and function, differences in LI and SI lamina propria (LP) lymphocyte populations have not been clearly established. In this work we found striking phenotypic differences between SI and LI LP lymphocyte populations from(More)
Few reports exist on the differences in cell populations or immunological functions between the proximal and distal segments of the small intestine (SI). In the current contribution we analyzed the expression of the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) and alpha chains as well as the density of IgA-producing cells from the proximal and distal intestinal(More)
Intestinal homeostasis effectors, secretory IgA (SIgA) and polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR), have been evaluated in proximal and distal small intestine with moderate-exercise training but not with strenuous exercise or a combination of these two protocols. Therefore, two groups of mice (n=6-8) were submitted to strenuous exercise, one with and one(More)
Infants in developing countries are at high risk of developing severe clinical measles if they become infected during the "window of vulnerability" (age 4-9 months), when declining maternal antibodies do not protect against wild virus, yet impede successful immunization by attenuated measles vaccine. We developed two Sindbis replicon-based DNA vaccines(More)
Cry1Ac protoxin has potent mucosal and systemic adjuvant effects on antibody responses to proteins or polysaccharides. In this work, we examined whether Cry1Ac increased protective immunity against fatal Naegleria fowleri infection in mice, which resembles human primary amoebic meningoencephalitis. Higher immunoglobulin G (IgG) than IgA anti-N. fowleri(More)
Among the multiple factors that induce Alzheimer's disease, aggregation of the amyloid β peptide (Aβ) is considered the most important due to the ability of the 42-amino acid Aβ peptides (Aβ1-42) to form oligomers and fibrils, which constitute Aβ pathological aggregates. For this reason, the development of inhibitors of Aβ1-42 pathological aggregation(More)
Infected diabetic foot is the most common reason for hospitalization and complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is frequently isolated from such lesions, and its presence is growing, seriously deteriorating the infected patient's quality of life. The aim of this study was to assess(More)
Diabetes and hypertension have been associated with cardiovascular diseases and stroke. Some reports have related the coexistence of hypertension and diabetes with increase in the risk of developing vascular complications. Recently some studies have shown results suggesting that in the early stages of diabetes and hypertension exist a reduced functional(More)
Background : Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the major pathogens causing chronic infections. The ability of S. aureus to acquire resistance to a diverse range of antimicrobial compounds results in limited treatment options, particularly in methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). A mechanism by which S. aureus develops reduced susceptibility to(More)