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STUDY AIM To provide a consensus of European leading authorities about the optimal use of clinical neurophysiological (CN) tests (electroencephalogram [EEG]; evoked potentials [EP]; electroneuromyography [ENMG]) in the intensive care unit (ICU) and, particularly, about the way to make these tests clinically useful for the management of individual patients.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prognostic value of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) in severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) considering both 'awakening' and disability. METHODS SEPs were recorded in 60 severe TBI with duration of acute coma>7 days. N20-P25 amplitudes, their side-to-side asymmetry and CCT were measured. SEPs on each hemisphere were(More)
We report two cases of thoracic idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) focusing on the peculiar diagnostic and therapeutic issues posed by this rare disorder. In particular MR evaluation of CSF dynamic with a 2D PC cine-MR technique and demonstration of progressive cord herniation on consecutive MR examinations allowed insight on the differential(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the accuracy of the peroneal nerve test (PENT) in the diagnosis of critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP) and myopathy (CIM) in the intensive care unit (ICU). We hypothesised that abnormal reduction of peroneal compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude predicts CIP/CIM diagnosed using a complete nerve conduction study and(More)
Laser pulses selectively excite mechano-thermal nociceptors and evoke brain potentials that may reveal small-fiber dysfunction. We applied CO2-laser pulses to the perioral and supraorbital regions and recorded the scalp laser-evoked potentials (LEPs) and reflex responses in the orbicularis oculi, masticatory, and neck muscles in 30 controls and 10 patients(More)
The most informative neurophysiological techniques available in the neurosurgical intensive care unit are electroencephalograph and somatosensory evoked potentials. Such tools, which give an evaluation of cerebral function in comatose patients, support clinical evaluation and are complementary to neuroimaging. They serve both diagnostic/prognostic and(More)
A complex pattern of neurological dysfunctions with generalized seizures and visual allucinations, but without focal signs, suddenly arose 20 days after an unrelated bone marrow transplant for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in a 13-year-old girl, accompanied by signs of acute skin graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)(More)
To review the predictive powers of SEPs in comatose children after acute brain injury. MEDLINE, EMBASE, OVID, ISI Web of Knowledge, BIOMED Central and the Cochrane Library (1981–2007) were searched. First, predictive values were calculated for each primary study. Second, we analysed effects of different factors on the SEP diagnostic odds ratio by(More)
Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were monitored in the course of 368 carotid endarterectomies (CEAs) carried out in 312 patients. In an initial group of 26 patients the shunt was used routinely while in a second group, involving 342 CEAs, it was applied selectively on the basis of modifications which the SEP underwent during clamping. The criterion(More)
A functional assessment of the acoustic pathways in a group of 9 patients with Friedreich's ataxia was performed. In none of them was symptomatic auditory impairment noticeable. All patients were submitted to audiological tests and AEP recording. AEPs included early (BAEPs), middle (MLCs) and long (LLCs) latency components. The absence of one or more BAEP(More)