Aldo Ângelo M Lima

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Data on the relationship between the two genotypes of Giardia duodenalis that infect humans, assemblages A and B, their clinical presentation and intestinal inflammation are limited. We analyzed 108 stool samples previously collected for a diarrhoeal study among Brazilian children, representing 71 infections in 47 children. Assemblage B was most prevalent,(More)
Cryptosporidium was first recognized in humans in 1976 and came to prominence in the 1980s and 1990s as a cause of severe diarrheal illness in patients with AIDS. Its hardy, chlorine-resistant oocysts, tiny size, low infectious dose, fully infectious development when shed and zoonotic potential make it a threat in drinking and recreational water,(More)
This study is an investigation into the mechanism of Clostridium difficile toxin A-induced apoptosis in human intestinal epithelial cells. Toxin A induced apoptosis of T84 cells in a dose- and time-dependent fashion. Toxin A-induced apoptosis was completely inhibited by blocking toxin enzymatic activity on Rho GTPases with uridine(More)
Cryptosporidium is an important cause of infectious diarrhoea worldwide, but little is known about the course of illness when infected with different species. Over a period of 5 years, Cryptosporidium was identified in the stools of 58 of 157 children prospectively followed from birth in an urban slum (favela) in northeast Brazil. Forty isolates were(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the effect of a diet supplemented with alanyl-glutamine (AG) or placebo glycine (G) on intestinal barrier function and growth in children in northeastern Brazil. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred seven children ages 7.9 to 82.2 months with a weight-for-age (WAZ), height-for-age (HAZ), or weight-for-height (WHZ) z-score less than -1(More)
Changes in small bowel function early in infancy in developing countries are increasingly being demonstrated, probably accompanied by altered mucosal architecture in most individuals, including reduced enterocyte mass and evidence of immune activation and inflammation in the mucosa. These alterations appear to be the result of factors of uncertain nature in(More)
The Etiology, Risk Factors and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) cohort in the study's Fortaleza, Brazil, catchment area has a population of approximately 82 300 inhabitants. Most of the households (87%) have access to clean water, 98% have electricity, and 69% have access to(More)
To examine the association of intestinal barrier function with vitamin A deficiency and whether supplementation of micronutrients improves intestinal function and/or linear growth, height-for-age z-score (HAZ), concentrations of serum retinol and zinc, and intestinal permeability were determined in a cross-sectional sample of 75 children in northeastern(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Prolonged episodes of acute diarrhea (ProD; duration 7-13 days) or persistent diarrhea (PD; duration ≥14 days) are important causes of undernutrition, yet the epidemiology and nutritional impact of ProD are poorly understood. METHODS We conducted a 10-year cohort study of 414 children from a Brazilian shantytown who were followed from(More)
OBJECTIVES Recurring diarrhea and persistent diarrhea are commonly associated with malnutrition and long-term functional deficits. A beneficial approach would be to develop an alanyl-glutamine (AlaGln)-based oral rehydration and nutrition therapy (ORNT). We investigated the effect of an AlaGln-ORNT solution on electrolyte and water absorption in a rat model(More)