Learn More
As part of an ongoing project to identify plant natural products as resistance-modifying agents, bioassay-guided fractionation of an extract of Jatropha elliptica (Pohl) Muell Arg. led to the isolation of a penta-substituted pyridine, namely 2,6-dimethyl-4-phenyl-pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid diethyl ester (8). The structure was established by(More)
In search for plant molluscicides for the vector control of schistosomiasis, ethanolic extracts from different parts of six species of the Annonaceae family were evaluated against adult forms and egg masses of Biomphalaria glabrata. Results from accurate experiments indicate that the majority of analyzed extracts possess properties lethal to Biomphalaria(More)
The production and testing of a probiotic formulated with a strain of Bacillus cereus (Probiotic CenBiot) is reported. The strain was grown in fed batch fermenters, desiccated, and mixed with cornflour. To test the effect of the probiotic in controlling piglet diarrhoea, two groups of sows and their respective litters received feed supplemented with(More)
Schistosomiasis or bilharzia, which affects millions of people living in Africa, Asia and Latin America, is closely associated with certain species of aquatic snails. One way of attacking the disease is to eradicate the host snails. Molluscicidal activities of natural compounds are especially important in the widespread control of this tropical disease. As(More)
In the search for new molluscicidal natural products, the activity of the crude ethanol extract of the rhizome of Jatropha elliptica (Pohl.) Muell. Arg. was tested. The LC(50) was 13.07 ppm. The fractionation and purification of the extract furnished jatrophone and a mixture of jatropholones A and B, as the main compounds. They were tested against the snail(More)
Leaf extracts of Euphorbia conspicua (Euphorbiaceae), together with the latex and fractions derived therefrom, were evaluated for their molluscicidal and cercaricidal activities and their toxicities to brine shrimps. Whilst the leaf extracts were inactive against Biomphalaria glabrata, the latex, its triterpenic fraction and irritant fractions I and II(More)
Extracts from various organs of 25 plants of Brazilian traditional medicine were assayed with respect to their anti-bacterial activities against Escherichia coli, a susceptible strain of Staphylococcus aureus and two resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus harbouring the efflux pumps NorA and MsrA. Amongst the 49 extracts studied, 14 presented(More)
In the search for new molluscicidal agents we tested the activity of lapachol and other 2-hydroxy-3-alkylnaphthoquinones possessing nitrogenated alkyl chains, against the snail Biomphalaria glabrata. Lapachol, isolapachol and nor-lapachol showed strong molluscicidal activity against the adult snail (LD(90)<10 ppm) and significant toxicity against snail egg(More)
BACKGROUND The implementation of new public healthcare models that stimulate the use of natural products from traditional medicine, as a so-called integrated medicine, refers to an approach that use best of both conventional medicine and traditional medicine. Propolis is a widely used natural product by different ancient cultures and known to exhibit(More)
The toxicity of soluble derivatives (potassium salt) of lapachol and isolapachol in different stages of the life cycle of Schistosoma mansoni is evaluated. The potassium salts of isolapachol and lapachol showed significant molluscicidal activity against the adult snail (LC90<7 ppm) and snail egg masses (LC90<3 ppm). Cercaricidal assays revealed strong(More)