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The purpose of this study was to determine whether isolated renal ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) induces renal tumor necrosis factor (TNF) mRNA production, TNF protein expression, or TNF bioactivity and, if so, whether local/early TNF production acts as mediator of ischemia-induced, neutrophil-mediated renal injury. After rats were anesthetized, varying(More)
The heart is a tumor necrosis factor (TNFalpha) producing organ. Locally (v systemically)-produced TNFalpha likely contributes to myocardial dysfunction via direct suppression of myocardial contractile function, the induction of myocardial apoptosis, and the genesis of cardiac hypertrophy. Although recent studies have demonstrated increased myocardial(More)
Since hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) can react with ferrous iron (FE++) to form the more toxic hydroxyl radical (OH) in vitro, and since H2O2 is generated brain xanthine oxidase (XO) during ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), we hypothesized that gerbils depleted of iron by dietary restriction or treated with iron chelators would be less susceptible to I/R injury. We(More)
Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury induces a cascade of events leading to cellular damage and organ dysfunction. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF), a potent proinflammatory cytokine, is released from the kidney in response to, and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of, renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. TNF induces glomerular fibrin deposition, cellular(More)
Catecholamines have been implicated in the phenomenon of ischemic preconditioning. We have previously demonstrated that ischemic preconditioning against postischemic mechanical dysfunction in the isolated rat heart is mediated by the alpha 1-adrenergic receptor. The purpose of this study was to delineate the signal transduction of preconditioning distal to(More)
Xanthine oxidase (XO) and xanthine dehydrogenase (XD) activities decreased in lungs isolated from rats and cultured lung endothelial cells that had been exposed to hyperoxia. Purified XO activity also decreased after addition of a variety of chemically generated O2 metabolite species (superoxide anion, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radical, or hypochlorous(More)
AIM Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 catalyzes the conversion of heme to biliverdin, iron and carbon monoxide. HO-1 is induced by many stimuli including heme, Hb, heat stress,lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cytokines. Previous studies demonstrated that LPS induced HO-1 gene activation and HO-1 expression in liver. However, the mechanisms of LPS-induced HO-1 expression in(More)
The relation between low-amplitude, late potentials on the body surface and directly recorded electrograms in 8 patients with and 11 patients without ventricular tachycardia (VT) was studied. Bipolar X,Y,Z leads were signal-averaged and filtered with a digital technique. All patients had catheter endocardial left ventricular maps. The VT group had medically(More)
PURPOSE Acute tubular necrosis (ATN) and the ensuing renal failure induced by ischemia and reperfusion injury (I/R) remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients in the intensive care unit. Although it is well established that exogenous tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) induces renal injury, it remains unknown whether ischemia and/or(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) preconditioning induces cardiac resistance to subsequent LPS or ischemia. This study tested the hypothesis that resistance to LPS and resistance to ischemia are two manifestations of cardiac cross-resistance which may involve reprogramming of cardiac gene expression. Rats were preconditioned with a single dose of LPS (0.5 mg/kg ip).(More)