Alcira Fiorini

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It is possible that behavioral dysfunction, including cognitive, perceptual and psychomotor impairments in hypertensive subjects, can be the result of the high blood pressure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) in the acquisition and execution of tasks in an 8-arm radial maze. Male Wistar(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer of the esophagus and gastric cardia cause progressive dysphagia. Half of patients are not amenable to surgical resection; of those who are, about 20% will suffer either from local recurrence or anastomotic strictures. Self-expandable metallic stents of diverse characteristics have been used in these clinical conditions. However, expandable(More)
OBJECTIVE Several studies have demonstrated that chronic exposure to gluten may damage the structure and function of the gastric mucosa in gluten-sensitive patients. However, until now, these abnormalities have been incompletely studied. Our purpose in the present study was to characterize, in a prospective controlled study, the endoscopic and histological(More)
OBJECTIVE Refractory sprue is a rare and severe malabsorptive disorder that mimics celiac disease but is refractory to a gluten-free diet and is without initial evidence of overt lymphoma. Treatment is largely empiric and often ineffective, with steroids and immunosuppression being the mainstream therapeutic options. The aim of this study was to evaluate(More)
OBJECTIVES First-degree relatives of patients with celiac disease are at high risk for developing the disease themselves. Detection of serum antibodies and intestinal permeability tests have been useful to identify candidates for intestinal biopsies. Recently it was demonstrated that abnormal sucrose permeability is a very sensitive marker of active(More)
OBJECTIVE Early studies revealed that up to 50% of non-atrophic, first-degree relatives of celiac disease patients exhibit features of gluten sensitivity. However, whether these features progress to a fully expressed celiac disease remain partially known. Our aim was to report two new patients resulting from a prospective, long-term surveillance of(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was designed to determine the diagnostic usefulness of videoduodenoscopic inspection alone and the addition of vital dye staining in the detection of celiac disease. We additionally sought to evaluate interobserver agreement for specific duodenoscopic markers of mucosal atrophy. METHODS One hundred sixty-seven consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Benign, refractory esophageal strictures are an important therapeutic challenge. Metallic self-expandable stents developed to treat malignant strictures have occasionally been used in the treatment of benign stenoses. This is a report of the use of 14 esophageal metallic stents in 10 patients with severe benign strictures. METHODS Ten patients(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Serological markers detect asymptomatic coeliac disease among first-degree relatives of patients with sprue. However, some relatives with coeliac disease-related antibodies have 'normal' jejunal mucosa by conventional histology. Whether these serological abnormalities represent false-positives or are consequences of gluten sensitivity is(More)
UNLABELLED Botulinum toxin (BoTox) is a potent inhibitor of the release of acetylcholine from terminal nerves and has been used successfully in spastic disorders of skeletal muscle. Its used for the treatment of disorders of gastrointestinal smooth muscle has recently been explored. In this study we evaluated the efficacy of transendoscopic injection of(More)