Alcino Lazaro da Silva

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Based on the knowledge of the anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial actions of local anesthetics (LA), the objective of this study was to determine the effects of peritoneal lavage with bupivacaine on survival of mice with fecal peritonitis. METHODS Forty-eight Wistar mice, weighing between 300 and 330 g (311.45 +/- 9.67 g),(More)
PURPOSE To elaborate an animal model with the objective of studying the continence of the biological valves surgically performed in the left colon of rats. METHODS Thirty four rats were operated on and divided into three groups (G). G1 (sham) animals which underwent laparotomy only; G2 (perineal amputation without valves): animals which underwent(More)
A survey was conducted to identify some patient's characteristics and perceptions related to senile cataract and delivery of cataract care. The patients were diagnosed by means of ophthalmic examination carried out on a Rehabilitation of the Aged Campaign at the Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo Medical School. A questionnaire was(More)
INTRODUCTION For a few decades the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors has had wide application in the treatment of several gastrointestinal diseases. Since then, however, several studies have called attention to the possible development of anatomical and pathological changes of gastric mucosa, resulting from the long term use of this therapeutic(More)
To The Editor: We would like to record a case of gastric volvulus through a diaphragmatic defect. Our patient was a 34-year-old male who experienced three days of acute severe upper abdominal pain and vomiting followed by retching. His abdomen was not distended, but there was minimal muscle rigidity in the epigastrium. His past history revealed hypertension(More)
The pathological changes observed in 76 hernial sacs removed at operations for inguinal hernias are reported. The shape and size of hernial sacs varied from case to case, containing from small to large amounts of adipose tissue and, sometimes, also of smooth muscle. The role played by this muscular tissue is not yet clear; it is possible that it acts as(More)
BACKGROUND The intestinal interpositions are important in various operations of the digestive tract. However, they are capable to produce serious immediate and late complications. AIM To compare clinical and surgical outcomes, as well as intestinal pathological findings, in dogs submitted to jejunum and colon interposition. METHODS Forty male mongreal(More)