Albino García-Sacristán

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE As pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide 38 (PACAP 38)- and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) are widely distributed in the urinary tract, the current study investigated the receptors and mechanisms involved in relaxations induced by these peptides in the pig bladder neck. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Urothelium-denuded(More)
The current study investigated the distribution of adrenergic nerves and the action induced by noradrenaline (NA) in pig prostatic small arteries. Noradrenergic innervation was visualized using an antibody against dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH), and the NA effect was studied in small arterial rings mounted in microvascular myographs for isometric force(More)
OBJECTIVES Testosterone replacement therapy improves bladder capacity in urinary tract dysfunction. There is no information, however, about the role of this steroid hormone on the muscle tension of the bladder outflow region. The current study investigated the mechanisms underlying the testosterone-induced action in the pig bladder neck. METHODS(More)
AIMS To investigate the nitric oxide (NO)-mediated nerve relaxation and its possible modulation by pre-junctional alpha2-adrenoceptors in the pig urinary bladder neck. METHODS Urothelium-denuded bladder neck strips were dissected, and mounted in isolated organ baths containing a physiological saline solution (PSS) at 37 degrees C and continuously gassed(More)
AIMS To investigate the role played by pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide 38 (PACAP 38) in the non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) neurotransmission of the pig urinary bladder neck. METHODS Urothelium-denuded bladder neck strips were dissected and mounted in organ baths containing a physiological saline solution (PSS) at 37 degrees C and(More)
OBJECTIVE Erectile dysfunction (ED) is considered as an early sign of vascular disease due to its high prevalence in patients with cardiovascular risk factors. Endothelial and neural dysfunction involving nitric oxide (NO) are usually implicated in the pathophysiology of the diabetic ED, but the underlying mechanisms are unclear. The present study assessed(More)
The distribution and density of neuropeptide Y (NPY)-immunoreactive nerve fibres and cells were determined in the urinary bladder of the horse by using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) immunohistochemical method. Numerous undulating NPY-immunoreactive nerve fibres were found throughout the vesical wall, sometimes forming nerve bundles which ramified(More)
NADPH-diaphorase histochemical staining and electrical field stimulation (EFS) were performed in vitro to investigate whether nitric oxide (NO) is involved in non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) inhibitory neurotransmission of pig intravesical ureter. NADPH-diaphorase activity was expressed in nerve trunks and thin nerve fibres around arteries and(More)
In isolated sheep urethral smooth muscle at resting tension, responses elicited by electrical stimulation of nerves were either contraction (40%), or contraction preceded by relaxation (60%). All responses were suppressed by tetrodotoxin (TTX), but at stimulation frequencies exceeding 16 Hz, there was a small TTX resistant contraction, which at the highest(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Endothelial small- and intermediate-conductance KCa channels, SK3 and IK1, are key mediators in the endothelium-derived hyperpolarization and relaxation of vascular smooth muscle and also in the modulation of endothelial Ca2+ signaling and nitric oxide (NO) release. Obesity is associated with endothelial dysfunction and impaired(More)