Albino Bacolla

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Genomic rearrangements are a frequent source of instability, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. A 2.5-kbp poly(purine.pyrimidine) sequence from the human PKD1 gene, known to form non-B DNA structures, induced long deletions and other instabilities in plasmids that were mediated by mismatch repair and, in some cases, transcription. The(More)
Repetitive DNA motifs may fold into non-B DNA structures, including cruciforms/hairpins, triplexes, slipped conformations, quadruplexes, and left-handed Z-DNA, thereby representing chromosomal targets for DNA repair, recombination, and aberrant DNA synthesis leading to repeat expansion or genomic rearrangements associated with neurodegenerative and genomic(More)
A method is described to express and purify human DNA (cytosine-5) methyltransferase (human DNMT1) using a protein splicing (intein) fusion partner in a baculovirus expression vector. The system produces approximately 1 mg of intact recombinant enzyme >95% pure per 1.5 x 10(9) insect cells. The protein lacks any affinity tag and is identical to the native(More)
Initial velocity determinations were conducted with human DNA (cytosine-5) methyltransferase (DNMT1) on unmethylated and hemimethylated DNA templates in order to assess the mechanism of the reaction. Initial velocity data with DNA and S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) as variable substrates and product inhibition studies with methylated DNA and(More)
Gross chromosomal rearrangements (including translocations, deletions, insertions and duplications) are a hallmark of cancer genomes and often create oncogenic fusion genes. An obligate step in the generation of such gross rearrangements is the formation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Since the genomic distribution of rearrangement breakpoints is(More)
Microsatellites are abundant in vertebrate genomes, but their sequence representation and length distributions vary greatly within each family of repeats (e.g., tetranucleotides). Biophysical studies of 82 synthetic single-stranded oligonucleotides comprising all tetra- and trinucleotide repeats revealed an inverse correlation between the stability of(More)
Repetitive DNA motifs are abundant in the genomes of various species and have the capacity to adopt non-canonical (i.e., non-B) DNA structures. Several non-B DNA structures, including cruciforms, slipped structures, triplexes, G-quadruplexes, and Z-DNA, have been shown to cause mutations, such as deletions, expansions, and translocations in both prokaryotes(More)
The non-B DB, available at http://nonb.abcc.ncifcrf.gov, catalogs predicted non-B DNA-forming sequence motifs, including Z-DNA, G-quadruplex, A-phased repeats, inverted repeats, mirror repeats, direct repeats and their corresponding subsets: cruciforms, triplexes and slipped structures, in several genomes. Version 2.0 of the database revises and(More)
Although the capability of DNA to form a variety of non-canonical (non-B) structures has long been recognized, the overall significance of these alternate conformations in biology has only recently become accepted en masse. In order to provide access to genome-wide locations of these classes of predicted structures, we have developed non-B DB, a database(More)
Sequences that have the capacity to adopt alternative (i.e. non-B) DNA structures in the human genome have been implicated in stimulating genomic instability. Previously, we found that a naturally occurring intra-molecular triplex (H-DNA) caused genetic instability in mammals largely in the form of DNA double-strand breaks. Thus, it is of interest to(More)