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Gross chromosomal rearrangements (including translocations, deletions, insertions and duplications) are a hallmark of cancer genomes and often create oncogenic fusion genes. An obligate step in the generation of such gross rearrangements is the formation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Since the genomic distribution of rearrangement breakpoints is(More)
The non-B DB, available at http://nonb.abcc.ncifcrf.gov, catalogs predicted non-B DNA-forming sequence motifs, including Z-DNA, G-quadruplex, A-phased repeats, inverted repeats, mirror repeats, direct repeats and their corresponding subsets: cruciforms, triplexes and slipped structures, in several genomes. Version 2.0 of the database revises and(More)
Genomic rearrangements are a frequent source of instability, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. A 2.5-kbp poly(purine.pyrimidine) sequence from the human PKD1 gene, known to form non-B DNA structures, induced long deletions and other instabilities in plasmids that were mediated by mismatch repair and, in some cases, transcription. The(More)
A method is described to express and purify human DNA (cytosine-5) methyltransferase (human DNMT1) using a protein splicing (intein) fusion partner in a baculovirus expression vector. The system produces approximately 1 mg of intact recombinant enzyme >95% pure per 1.5 x 10(9) insect cells. The protein lacks any affinity tag and is identical to the native(More)
Repetitive DNA motifs are abundant in the genomes of various species and have the capacity to adopt non-canonical (i.e., non-B) DNA structures. Several non-B DNA structures, including cruciforms, slipped structures, triplexes, G-quadruplexes, and Z-DNA, have been shown to cause mutations, such as deletions, expansions, and translocations in both prokaryotes(More)
Non-B DNA conformations adopted by certain types of DNA sequences promote genetic instabilities, especially gross rearrangements including translocations. We conclude the following: (a) slipped (hairpin) structures, cruciforms, triplexes, tetraplexes and i-motifs, and left-handed Z-DNA are formed in chromosomes and elicit profound genetic consequences via(More)
Different types of human gene mutation may vary in size, from structural variants (SVs) to single base-pair substitutions, but what they all have in common is that their nature, size and location are often determined either by specific characteristics of the local DNA sequence environment or by higher order features of the genomic architecture. The human(More)
A variety of DNA sequence motifs including inverted repeats, minisatellites, and the chi recombination hotspot, have been reported in association with gene conversion in human genes causing inherited disease. However, no methodical statistically based analysis has been performed to formalize these observations. We have performed an in silico analysis of the(More)
Single base substitutions constitute the most frequent type of human gene mutation and are a leading cause of cancer and inherited disease. These alterations occur non-randomly in DNA, being strongly influenced by the local nucleotide sequence context. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying such sequence context-dependent mutagenesis are not fully(More)