Albin Alfreider

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The bacterial community structure in the winter cover and pelagic zone of a high mountain lake was analyzed by in situ hybridization with fluorescently labeled rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Cells fixed on membrane filters were hybridized with a probe specific for the domain Bacteria as well as with probes for the alpha, beta, and gamma subclasses of(More)
To test our hypothesis that microbial autotrophic CO2 fixation plays an important role in subsurface systems of two large groundwater remediation projects, several anaerobic/microaerobic aquifer and groundwater samples were taken and used to investigate the distribution and phylogenetic diversity of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO)(More)
A molecular approach based on the construction of 16S ribosomal DNA clone libraries was used to investigate the microbial diversity of an underground in situ reactor system filled with the original aquifer sediments. After chemical steady state was reached in the monochlorobenzene concentration between the original inflowing groundwater and the reactor(More)
-Total cell numbers, abundance of respiring bacteria and [3H]thymidine and [~4C]leucine incorporation rates were investigated in four groundwater wells of low nutrient content. Total cell numbers in the pumped groundwater were low (14 × t03 to 279 x 103 cells mL-~), and [3H]thymidine and [~4C]leucine incorporation rates were, with one exception, below the(More)
New in situ reactive barrier technologies were tested nearby a local aquifer in Bitterfeld, Saxonia-Anhalt, Germany, which is polluted mainly by chlorobenzene (CB), in concentrations up to 450 microM. A reactor filled with original aquifer sediment was designed for the microbiological remediation of the ground water by indigenous bacterial communities. Two(More)
We describe a procedure to measure the cell sizes of pelagic bacteria after determinative hybridization with rRNA-targeted fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide probes. Our approach is based on established image analysis techniques modified for objects simultaneously stained with two fluorescent dyes. It allows the estimation of biomass and cell size(More)
A molecular approach, based on the detection of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO) large subunit genes, was applied to investigate the distribution and diversity of autotrophic bacteria in groundwater systems. DNA extracts from 48 sampling stations, including a variety of pristine and polluted, shallow and deep-subsurface groundwater(More)
Groundwater polluted with methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and ammonium was investigated for chemolithoautotrophic CO(2) fixation capabilities based on detailed analyses of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RubisCO) large subunit genes. Samples retrieved from a groundwater conditioning unit, characterized by different redox conditions, were(More)
We present an improvement of the INT [2-(p-iodophenyl)-3-(p-nitrophenyl)-5-phenyltetrazolium chloride)] reduction method using Cyto-Clear slides, the fluorochrome DAPI (4(prm1),6(prm1)-diamidino-2 phenylindole), and an image analysis system. With this method we were able to simultaneously measure cell dimensions and formazan crystals as indicators of the(More)
Five bacterial strains (Acidovorax facilis B517, Cellulomonas turbata B529, Pseudomonas veronii B547, Pseudomonas veronii B549, and Paenibacillus polymyxa B550) isolated on chlorobenzene as the sole source of carbon and energy were screened for the accumulation of the putative metabolic intermediate 3-chlorocatechol during growth on chlorobenzene under(More)