Alberto Villani

Learn More
Members A. ACCORSI, E. ADRARIO, F. AGRÒ, G. AMICUCCI, M. ANTONELLI, F. AZZERI, S. BARONCINI, G. BETTELLI, C. CAFAGGI, D. CATTANO, E. CHINELLI, U. CORBANESE, R. CORSO, A. DELLA PUPPA, A. DI FILIPPO, E. FACCO, R. FAVARO, R. FAVERO, G. FROVA, F. GIUNTA, G. GIURATI, F. GIUSTI, A. GUARINO, E. IANNUZZI, G. IVANI, D. MAZZON, M. MENARINI, G. MERLI, E. MONDELLO, S.(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a multifactorial condition, ranging from simple steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with or without fibrosis. NAFLD affects both adults and children who present with particular risk factors, including obesity, sedentary lifestyle and/or a predisposing genetic background. The escalation of the(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of enteric pathogens causing acute gastroenteritis (AGE) among hospitalized children in a large Italian hospital, to measure the incidence of coinfections, and to compare the clinical characteristics of those infected with one versus multiple agents. A prospective study was conducted from March(More)
Children with Down syndrome (DS) have increased susceptibility to infections and a high frequency of leukemia and autoimmune disorders, suggesting that immunodeficiency and immune dysfunction are integral parts of the syndrome. A reduction in B-cell numbers has been reported, associated with moderate immunodeficiency and normal immunoglobulin levels. Here,(More)
Intrauterine growth retardation is associated with the development of abnormalities in glucose tolerance in adulthood (1,2). Studies in adults and children born small for gestational age (SGA) (3–7) indicate that insulin resistance is the earliest component associated with low birth weight, irrespective of confounding factors, including obesity (8) and a(More)
We offer further biological characterization of the XK atelen/aprosencephaly syndrome in two infants, one with prolonged survival, the other presenting prenatally with apparent hydranencephaly and an orbital tumor (OS). Familial occurrence in the former born to presumably nonconsanguineous Lybian parents may represent parental germinal mosaicism or(More)
SIGNIFICANCE An imbalance between the production and the detoxification of reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) can be implicated in many pathological processes. Platelets are best known as primary mediators of hemostasis and can be either targets of ROS/RNS or generate radicals during cell activation. These conditions can(More)
Atypical fibroblast growth factors (FGF) 21 and 19 play a central role in energy metabolism through the mediation of Klotho coreceptor. Contradictory findings are available about the association of FGF21 and FGF19 with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in humans. We investigated the association of serum FGF21, FGF19 and liver Klotho coreceptor with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recent research has suggested that dietary fructose intake may increase serum uric acid (UA) concentrations. Both UA concentration and fructose consumption maybe also increase in NAFLD. It is not known whether dietary fructose consumption and UA concentration are independently associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Our aim(More)
Although varicella has usually an uncomplicated course in early childhood, several neurological complications may occur. We conducted a study to review the type and the rate of varicella neurological complications in a case series of hospitalized immunologically healthy children over nearly a 8 year period. We also systematically reviewed data from the(More)