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Photosensitivity is a genetically determined trait that may be asymptomatic throughout life or manifest with epileptic seizures. Photosensitivity usually begins before the age of 20 years with a peak age at onset at around 12. Both natural and artificial light may trigger seizures. Precise investigation must be carried out by intermittent photic stimulation(More)
Weight gain has been recognized as an adverse effect of valproic acid therapy, but there are are no data about serum leptin levels in patients receiving this drug. To evaluate if valproic acid treatment in epileptic patients in whom obesity develops modifies serum levels of insulin and leptin, 40 female patients with epilepsy were evaluated before therapy(More)
In order to evaluate the predictive value of the interictal EEG after discontinuation of anticonvulsant therapy in children with cryptogenic partial epilepsy, a prospective study was carried out on 84 children and adolescents who had been seizure-free for at least 2 years. Twenty-four children (28.6%) presented one or more relapses. EEG monitoring during(More)
To evaluate when it is possible to discontinue anticonvulsant treatment in children with cryptogenic partial epilepsy, the authors studied 89 epileptic children divided into two groups: Group A, 45 children whose therapy was discontinued after 1 year from the last seizure; and Group B, 44 children whose therapy was stopped after 2 years from the last(More)
Carbamazepine and valproic acid are effective antiepileptic drugs for treating many types of epilepsy. Although they are well tolerated, many effects on endocrine function have been reported. Changes in serum thyroid hormones levels in 37 children with epilepsy during carbamazepine and valproic acid therapy were analyzed, and the thyroid hormone(More)
To assess and characterize a possible neurocognitive endophenotype associated with Rolandic epilepsy (RE), a clinical study was carried out to evaluate the neuropsychological profile of children with RE at onset and of their healthy siblings. Seventeen subjects were recruited (10 boys and 7 girls): nine patients affected by RE and eight siblings who(More)
The concentration levels of serum lipids and lipoproteins were measured in three groups of children and adolescents treated with antiepileptic drugs: carbamazepine (14 patients), phenobarbital (20 patients), and valproic acid (20 patients). Patients treated with these drugs revealed significant changes in lipids and lipoproteins, but when the authors(More)
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder. Despite a broad range of commonly used antiepileptic drugs, approximately 30% of patients with epilepsy have drug resistance or encounter significant adverse effects. Eslicarbazepine acetate is a new central nervous system-active compound with anticonvulsant activity whose mechanism of action is by blocking the(More)
Psychiatric disorders seem to be more frequent in patients with epilepsy (PWE) than the general population. Although researchers have documented a strong association between epilepsy and psychiatric comorbidities, the nature of this relationship is poorly understood. According to this, psychiatric diseases are often underdiagnosed and undertreated in PWE(More)
The term catamenial epilepsy is used to describe the cyclical occurrence of seizure exacerbations during particular phases of menstrual cycle in women with preexisting epilepsy. Recent investigations have demonstrated the existence of at least three patterns of catamenial seizure exacerbation: perimenstrual and periovulatory in ovulatory cycle and entire(More)