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The structural bases that render the third intracellular loop (i3) of the rat angiotensin II AT1A receptor one of the cytoplasmic domains responsible for G-protein coupling are still unknown. The three-dimensional structures of two overlapping peptides mapping the entire i3 loop and shown to differently interact with purified G-proteins have been obtained(More)
Cerato-platanin (CP) is a secretion protein produced by the fungal pathogen Ceratocystis platani, the causal agent of the plane canker disease and the first member of the CP family. CP is considered a pathogen-associated molecular pattern because it induces various defense responses in the host, including production of phytoalexins and cell death. Although(More)
The Trypanosoma cruzi recombinant protein B13 contains tandemly repeated domains and shows high sensitivity in the serological diagnosis of Chagas' disease. It has been shown that the immunodominant epitope of B13 is contained in the GDKPSLFGQAAAGDKPSLF-NH(2) sequence and that the hexapeptide AAAGDK seems to be the "core" of that epitope. Three peptides(More)
Inflammatory peptides display different types of post-transcriptional modifications, such as C-terminal amidation, that alter their biological activity. Here we describe the structural and molecular dynamics features of the mast cell degranulating peptide, eumenine mastoparan-AF (EMP-AF-NH(2)), found in the venom of the solitary wasp, and of its(More)
To investigate the role of the N-terminal region in the lytic mechanism of the pore-forming toxin sticholysin II (St II), we studied the conformational and functional properties of peptides encompassing the first 30 residues of the protein. Peptides containing residues 1-30 (P1-30) and 11-30 (P11-30) were synthesized and their conformational properties were(More)
Amphibian skin secretions constitute an important source of molecules for antimicrobial drug research in order to combat the increasing resistance of pathogens to conventional antibiotics. Among the various types of substances secreted by the dermal granular amphibian glands, there is a wide range of peptides and proteins, often displaying potent(More)
Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging may offer unique potential for tissue characterization in vivo. In this connection texture analysis of quantitative MR images may be of special importance. Because evaluation of texture analysis needs large data material, multicenter approaches become mandatory. Within the frame of BME Concerted Action on Tissue(More)
The Schistosoma mansoni Sm14 antigen belongs to the fatty acid-binding protein family and is considered a vaccine candidate against at least two parasite worms, Fasciola hepatica and S. mansoni. Here the genomic sequence and the polymorphism of Sm14 have been characterized for the first time. We found that the conserved methionine at position 20 is(More)
Peptides derived from endogenous hemoglobin play important biological roles in a variety of living systems. In previous works we showed that the fragment 33-61 of bovine alpha-hemoglobin (Hb33-61) and its C-terminus amidated analogue (Hb33-61a) exhibit antimicrobial activity and we determined the 3D structure of Hb33-61a bound to sodium dodecyl sulfate(More)
Recent discoveries suggest cysteine-stabilized toxins and antimicrobial peptides have structure-activity parallels derived by common ancestry. Here, human antimicrobial peptide hBD-2 and rattlesnake venom-toxin crotamine were compared in phylogeny, 3D structure, target cell specificity, and mechanisms of action. Results indicate a striking degree of(More)