Alberto Salvan

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To address earlier reports of excess cancer mortality associated with employment at a large transformer manufacturing plant, each plant operation was rated for seven exposures: Pyranol (a mixture of polychlorinated biphenyls and trichlorobenzene), trichloroethylene, benzene, mixed solvents, asbestos, synthetic resins, and machining fluids. Site-specific(More)
Tobacco smoke could cause childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) through at least three pathways: (1) prenatal parental smoking; (2) fetal exposure through maternal smoking during pregnancy; and (3) childhood exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS). We tested these hypotheses in a large population-based case–control study (SETIL) primarily designed to(More)
AIM In the context of the Italian Multicentric Epidemiological Study on Risk Factors for Childhood Leukaemia and Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (SETIL), the risk of childhood cancer was investigated in relation to parental occupational exposures. METHODS All cases of childhood leukaemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in children aged 0-10 years were identified.(More)
BACKGROUND Aetiology of childhood leukaemia and childhood neoplasm is poorly understood. Information on the prevalence of risk factors in the childhood population is limited. SETIL is a population based case-control study on childhood leukaemia, conducted with two companion studies on non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) and neuroblastoma. The study relies on(More)
The one-step (Peto) method for obtaining pooled effect estimates can yield extremely biased results when applied to unbalanced data. Even for balanced studies, the one-step estimate may incorporate an unacceptable degree of bias. In place of the one-step estimate, we recommend use of ordinary Mantel-Haenszel, weighted least squares, or maximum likelihood(More)
BACKGROUND Parental smoking and exposure of the mother or the child to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) as risk factors for Acute non-Lymphocytic Leukemia (AnLL) were investigated. METHODS Incident cases of childhood AnLL were enrolled in 14 Italian Regions during 1998-2001. We estimated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) conducting(More)
Understanding the kinetics of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) concentrations in humans is an important step for TCDD cancer risk assessment. In this paper longitudinal series of serum TCDD concentration measurements on U.S. veterans of the Vietnam war, who were exposed to dioxin during herbicide-spraying operations, are studied. The overall aim(More)
Imputation of missing values in a cancer mortality analysis in relation to estimated dose of dioxin for a cohort of chemical workers is considered. In particular, some subjects of the cohort have the body mass index (BMI) missing. This quantity is an essential ingredient for a toxicokinetic model that gives the estimated absorbed dose, which is then used(More)
We present a local influence analysis to assigned model quantities in the context of a dose-response analysis of cancer mortality in relation to estimated absorbed dose of dioxin. The risk estimation is performed using dioxin dose as a time-dependent explanatory variable in a proportional hazard model. The dioxin dose is computed using a toxicokinetic(More)
We report on an Italian case-control study on childhood leukemia and exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF). Eligible for inclusion were 745 leukemia cases, aged 0-10 years at diagnosis in 1998-2001, and 1475 sex- and age-matched population controls. Parents of 683 cases and 1044 controls (92% vs. 71%) were interviewed. ELF-MF(More)
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