Learn More
Trisomy 21 results in Down's syndrome, but little is known about how a 1.5-fold increase in gene dosage produces the pleiotropic phenotypes of Down's syndrome. Here we report that two genes, DSCR1 and DYRK1A , lie within the critical region of human chromosome 21 and act synergistically to prevent nuclear occupancy of NFATc transcription factors, which are(More)
Serum levels of sex-hormones, sex-hormone binding globulin, gonadotropin, and prolactin were evaluated during the follicular and the luteal phases in 65 women with epilepsy and in 20 healthy controls. Twenty-one patients were treated with sodium valproate (VPA), 21 with phenobarbital (PB), and 23 with carbamazepine (CBZ). VPA does not stimulate liver(More)
Impaired reproductive function is thought to frequently affect women with epilepsy, mainly when seizures originate in the temporal lobe. In this study, we evaluated menstrual cycle features and assessed ovulation by determining luteal progesterone (Pg) levels in 101 consecutive women with epilepsy (36 with idiopathic generalized epilepsy -IGE; 65 with(More)
Basal growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) as well as GH responses to GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) were studied in 22 subjects (7 females, 15 males), aged between 65 and 86 years. The study was aimed at investigating the possible correlations between the age-dependent GH-IGF-I axis decline and the cognitive function - assessed by the(More)
Changes in central neurotransmission and in hypothalamo-pituitary function occur in both ethanol (ETOH) intake and withdrawal. Melatonin (MLT) secretion is regulated by the noradrenergic system, which is activated upon ETOH withdrawal. Experimental evidence exist that pineal gland may have a role in ETOH intake and preference in rats. Twenty-four hour(More)
Nocturnal urinary melatonin excretion was significantly decreased throughout an ovarian cycle in 12 migraine without aura patients compared to 8 healthy controls. Normal increases in urinary melatonin excretion during the luteal phase was less pronounced in the migraine patients. Melatonin excretion was further decreased during headache. The data indicate(More)
The hippocampus is involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and regulates the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA). Enhanced cortisol secretion has been reported in AD. Increased cortisol levels affect hippocampal neuron survival and potentiate beta-amyloid toxicity. Conversely, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate (DHEAS) are believed to(More)
Serum testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, delta 4-androstendione and 17 beta-estradiol, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and gonadotropic response to luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) were studied in 34 male subjects with episodic or chronic cluster headache (CH). The sex steroid free fractions and those bound to SHBG and albumin were(More)
The circannual secretion of melatonin in 14 Swedish and 15 Italian patients suffering from episodic cluster headache was compared with 14 Swedish and 15 Italian healthy controls matched for sex and age. Overnight samples of urine were collected once a month from 8 to 14 months and kept at -20 degrees C until analysed with RIA. The melatonin concentrations(More)
Subjects with anorexia nervosa (AN) present a number of changes in autonomic system functions, such as thermoregulation, vascular motility, heart rate and rhythm, and blood pressure. We evaluated the changes in the autonomic control of heart rate and blood pressure after postural variation by means of the spectral analysis of R-R interval variability (HRV(More)