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Trisomy 21 results in Down's syndrome, but little is known about how a 1.5-fold increase in gene dosage produces the pleiotropic phenotypes of Down's syndrome. Here we report that two genes, DSCR1 and DYRK1A , lie within the critical region of human chromosome 21 and act synergistically to prevent nuclear occupancy of NFATc transcription factors, which are(More)
Impaired reproductive function is thought to frequently affect women with epilepsy, mainly when seizures originate in the temporal lobe. In this study, we evaluated menstrual cycle features and assessed ovulation by determining luteal progesterone (Pg) levels in 101 consecutive women with epilepsy (36 with idiopathic generalized epilepsy -IGE; 65 with(More)
Serum levels of sex-hormones, sex-hormone binding globulin, gonadotropin, and prolactin were evaluated during the follicular and the luteal phases in 65 women with epilepsy and in 20 healthy controls. Twenty-one patients were treated with sodium valproate (VPA), 21 with phenobarbital (PB), and 23 with carbamazepine (CBZ). VPA does not stimulate liver(More)
Basal growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) as well as GH responses to GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) were studied in 22 subjects (7 females, 15 males), aged between 65 and 86 years. The study was aimed at investigating the possible correlations between the age-dependent GH-IGF-I axis decline and the cognitive function - assessed by the(More)
Changes in central neurotransmission and in hypothalamo-pituitary function occur in both ethanol (ETOH) intake and withdrawal. Melatonin (MLT) secretion is regulated by the noradrenergic system, which is activated upon ETOH withdrawal. Experimental evidence exist that pineal gland may have a role in ETOH intake and preference in rats. Twenty-four hour(More)
Benserazide induces an increase of serum prolactin in man, possibly as the result of an impairment of the dopamine effect on the pituitary and/or on the outer median eminence caused by the inhibition on L-dopa decarboxylase. On the other hand, liposomes obtained from bovine brain cortex phospholipids reduced serum prolactin possibly through an effect of(More)
Circulating basal prolactin (PRL) levels were evaluated in 126 subjects of both sexes with partial or generalized epilepsy, who were treated with phenobarbital (PB) alone or in combination with either phenytoin or benzodiazepines. A significant increase in PRL levels was observed in male, but not in female, patients compared with a sex- and age-matched(More)
In the course of a clinical trial with 2alpha-bromoergocryptin in Parkinson's disease, the serum levels of several pituitary hormones have been studied in the assumption that the drug active on nigro-striatal dopaminergic system might also interfere with hypothalamus-protuberantial neurotransmission, and have effects on the function of the pituitary. No(More)
Nocturnal urinary melatonin excretion was significantly decreased throughout an ovarian cycle in 12 migraine without aura patients compared to 8 healthy controls. Normal increases in urinary melatonin excretion during the luteal phase was less pronounced in the migraine patients. Melatonin excretion was further decreased during headache. The data indicate(More)
Single doses of carbidopa and benserazide, two inhibitors of aromatic aminoacids decarboxylase, have been given orally to healthy women and men aged 19 to 32 years. Serum prolactin levels increased in respect to baseline levels when 80, 125 or 250 mg of carbidopa and 10, 20, 30, 50, 80 or 125 mg of benserazide were given. The carbidopa doses of 20 and 50(More)