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Nitrosothiols (RS-NOs) are formed by interaction of nitric oxide (NO) with glutathione and may limit the detrimental effect of NO. Because NO generation is increased in airway inflammation, we have measured RS-NOs in exhaled breath condensate in patients with asthma, cystic fibrosis, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We also measured exhaled(More)
After the first outbreak identified in Mexico in late March 2009, influenza A sustained by a modified H1N1 virus ("swine flu") rapidly spread to all continents. This article describes the first Italian case of life-threatening ARDS associated with H1N1 infection, treated with extracorporeal respiratory assistance (venovenous extracorporeal membrane(More)
BACKGROUND Cysteinyl leukotrienes (Cys-LTs) and isoprostanes are inflammatory metabolites derived from arachidonic acid whose levels are increased in the airways of asthmatic patients. Isoprostanes are relatively stable and specific for lipid peroxidation, which makes them potentially reliable biomarkers for oxidative stress. A study was undertaken to(More)
Cigarette smoking is the most important cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Although the precise sequence of events that leads a smoker to experience airway obstruction is not completely clear, airway inflammation is a relevant factor. To investigate airway inflammation, 12 nonatopic smoking COPD patients with a forced expiratory volume(More)
RATIONALE There are no risk stratification tools for morbidity and mortality in bronchiectasis. Identifying patients at risk of exacerbations, hospital admissions, and mortality is vital for future research. OBJECTIVES This study describes the derivation and validation of the Bronchiectasis Severity Index (BSI). METHODS Derivation of the BSI used data(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have provided evidence for an inflammatory process in the large airways of subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), consisting predominantly of activated T cells. No data are available on the TH1 /TH2 T-cell cytokine pattern in this disease. OBJECTIVE We sought to characterize the TH1 /TH2 T-cell cytokine(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To investigate possible changes in cells and molecular mediators of airway inflammation following inhaled steroid treatment of stable COPD patients. DESIGN Six-week open preliminary prospective study. SETTING A university respiratory disease clinic. PATIENTS : Stable COPD patients with mild disease. INTERVENTION Six-week treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of nitric oxide (NO) in exhaled air shows promise as a non-invasive method of detecting lung inflammation. However, variable concentrations of NO are measured in environmental air. The aim of this study was to verify a possible relationship between exhaled NO and atmospheric NO values during high atmospheric NO days. METHOD Exhaled(More)
PURPOSE Airways remodeling, evaluated as the subepithelial layer thickness, was compared in asthmatic patients with that of healthy subjects, and was related to clinical grading of disease, presence of atopy, and length of asthmatic history. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Thirty-four patients with stable asthma (mean age+/-SD: 26.5+/-9.2 years; 10 female) treated(More)
Although bronchial hyperresponsiveness in asthma is associated with inflammation within the airways, it is not known whether the degree and type of inflammation influence the response to different stimuli and whether pathologic changes of airway structure influence the bronchoconstrictive responses. Therefore, number of inflammatory cells in the epithelium(More)