Alberto Pena

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The posterior sagittal approach was used to treat 792 patients with anorectal malformations. From these, 387 cases were evaluated 6 months to 13 years later. Voluntary bowel movements were present in 74.3% of the entire series. When distributed by diagnosis, the percentages varied: 100% in patients with rectal atresia and perineal fistula; 93.2% in those(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Anorectal malformations have been recognized and managed since antiquity, with surgical treatment evolving to maximize anatomic reconstruction, avoid complications, and understand mechanisms of incontinence, ultimately leading to improved quality of life for patients. This review describes recent advances in the management of anorectal(More)
PURPOSE Colostomy for patients with anorectal malformations decompresses an obstructed colon, avoids fecal contamination of the urinary tract, and protects a future perineal operation. The procedure is associated with several significant complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS The medical records of 1700 cases of anorectal malformations were retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Reoperations in Hirschsprung disease may be required for residual aganglionosis or transition-zone bowel found at the distal pull-through. We aimed to review the management of patients who had this complication and offer suggestions on how to avoid it. METHODS Ninety-three patients with Hirschsprung disease were referred to our institution with(More)
In this review we describe lessons learned from the authors' series of patients born with the most complex of congenital anorectal problems, cloacal malformations, with the hope to convey the improved understanding and surgical treatment of the condition's wide spectrum of complexity learned from patients cared for over the last 25 years. This includes a(More)
A retrospective review of 244 cases of imperforate anus demonstrated a 48% incidence of associated genitourinary (GU) anomalies. The incidence and severity of associated GU anomalies was directly related to the level of the fistula between the blind-ending rectum and the GU tract. High-level fistulae to the bladder neck in males and the cloaca in females(More)
PURPOSE Despite significant advances in the surgical management of anorectal malformations (ARMs), many children still experience significant debilities from potentially avoidable complications. One complication, the posterior urethral diverticulum, may have untoward consequences if not recognized and treated. METHODS A retrospective cohort review was(More)
INTRODUCTION Laparoscopy has been used for the treatment of anorectal malformations (ARMs) in an attempt to be less invasive and with the hope that it would result in a better functional outcome. There remains a significant debate about whether these expectations have been fulfilled. METHODS Seventeen patients with ARM for whom laparoscopy was used were(More)
PURPOSE Rectal prolapse is a known postoperative problem in children with anorectal malformations. The aims of this study were to determine the incidence of significant rectal prolapse (>5 mm), to objectively quantify its predisposing factors, and to offer recommendations as to its prevention and surgical treatment. METHODS The authors reviewed their(More)
Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) is a new approach for the treatment of anorectal malformations. It has allowed direct exposure of the anatomy of these defects, enabling the author to describe the spectrum of this malformation. It also permits patients to be grouped on the basis of their potential for continence and the correlation of operative(More)