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A consensus conference on cardio-renal syndromes (CRS) was held in Venice Italy, in September 2008 under the auspices of the Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative (ADQI). The following topics were matter of discussion after a systematic literature review and the appraisal of the best available evidence: definition/classification system; epidemiology; diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND Although anemia is frequently found in congestive heart failure (CHF), little is known about the effect of its correction with erythropoietin (EPO) on cardiac structure and function. OBJECTIVES The present study examines in patients with advanced CHF, chronic renal insufficiency, and anemia the effects of beta-EPO on left ventricular (LV)(More)
Pathologies of cerebral circulation are one of the most frequent causes of mortality and morbidity among the populations of Western countries. The incidence of ischemic events presumed to have a cardioembolic origin varies from 13% to 34% in the largest international multi-center studies. However, some authors have reported an incidence of general(More)
BACKGROUND B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) determination is routinely used to evaluate the severity of congestive heart failure, a possible consequence of coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD originates from vascular atherosclerotic processes and is stimulated by inflammatory events, which may also be triggered by chronic bacterial infections. AIM To(More)
The present study evaluated LV volumes, ejection fraction (LVEF) and stroke volume (SV) obtained by 64-MDCT and to compare these data with those obtained by second harmonic 2D Echo, in patients referred for non-invasive coronary vessels evaluation. The most common technique in daily clinical practice used for determination of LV function is two-dimensional(More)
Elevated plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels have been described in patients with acute myocardial infarction and left ventricular dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate circulating BNP levels in patients with coronary artery disease without ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction and preserved systolic function and to(More)
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has been described in chronic heart failure (HF) as marker of tubular damage and renal dysfunction; however, less data are available in patients with acute HF. Because of high rate of acute kidney injury (AKI) development, we aimed to investigate the role of NGAL in predicting early AKI development; second,(More)
BACKGROUND Reduction of platelet activity induced by statins has been described as a positive effect exerted by such molecules on vascular thrombotic events. However, the relations among cholesterol (LDL-C) reduction, the timing of the antiplatelet effect, the involved mechanisms and the doses of each statin able to reduce platelet function are not actually(More)