Alberto P. Avolio

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A model of the human arterial system was constructed based on the anatomical branching structure of the arterial tree. Arteries were divided into segments represented by uniform thin-walled elastic tubes with realistic arterial dimensions and wall properties. The configuration contains 128 segments accounting for all the central vessels and major peripheral(More)
Pulse wave velocity (PWV) was measured by means of transcutaneous Doppler techniques in the aorta, right arm, and right leg of 480 normal subjects of both sexes in urban Beijing, China (age range 3 to 89 years, mean age 41 +/- 20.8 SD); supine blood pressure was recorded in the brachial artery of each subject with standard sphygmomanometric procedures.(More)
Arterial pressure waves were recorded noninvasively from the carotid, radial, femoral, or all three of these arteries of 1,005 normal subjects, aged 2-91 years, using a new transcutaneous tonometer containing a high fidelity Millar micromanometer. Waves were ensemble-averaged into age-decade groups. Characteristic changes were noted with increasing age. In(More)
The most common method of clinical measurement of arterial blood pressure is by means of the cuff sphygmomanometer. This instrument has provided fundamental quantitative information on arterial pressure in individual subjects and in populations and facilitated estimation of cardiovascular risk related to levels of blood pressure obtained from the brachial(More)
Arterial hypertension is a major modifiable cardiovascular (CV) risk factor worldwide based on observational studies of brachial artery blood pressure (BP). In the latest guidelines of the European Society of Hypertension1 for the management of arterial hypertension, aortic stiffness was introduced as an index of target organ damage. Three additional(More)
Arterial pulse wave velocity, an established index of arterial distensibility, was measured together with arterial pressure in a group of 524 normal subjects of both sexes 2 months to 94 years old (mean age 45.6 +/- 15.3 years [SD]) in rural Guangzhou, China, an area with known low prevalence of hypertension. Fasting serum lipid levels and overnight Na+ and(More)
Pulsatile pressure and flow were measured in the ascending aorta and other arteries of 22 anesthetized rabbits and 16 anesthetized guinea pigs. Pressure/flow relationships were expressed as vascular impedance. Aortic flow waves were almost identical in the two species, but pressure waves were quite different. Reflected pressure waves returned earlier from(More)
A comparative morphologic study of aortic changes with aging was conducted in different populations in an attempt to separate the effects of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Chinese and the occidental populations were chosen, as they are known to have a high prevalence of hypertension and atherosclerosis, respectively. Aortic tissue was collected from(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of age on regional aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV). BACKGROUND aPWV is an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk and increases exponentially with age. However, it is unclear whether such changes occur uniformly along the length of the aorta or vary by region. METHODS A total of 162(More)