Alberto Manuel Fernández Álvarez

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Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I)/insulin induced cytosolic p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation in a time-dependent manner in fetal brown adipocytes, reaching a maximum at 5 min. Concurrently, nuclear p42/p44 MAPKs were also activated by IGF-I and insulin. This cytosolic and nuclear MAPK activation was totally prevented by(More)
We recently demonstrated that thyroid hormone is an important regulator of mitochondrial gene expression during brain development. To gain further insights into the consequences of this regulation, we have performed functional and structural analysis of brain mitochondria from control and hypothyroid neonatal rats. Flow cytometric analysis showed a(More)
We have examined the effects of lovastatin and pravastatin (competitive HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) on the growth and survival of rat brain neuroblasts. Lovastatin, but not pravastatin, suppressed cell growth by inducing apoptosis of neuroblasts in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Apoptosis was accompanied by a decrease in both Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL protein(More)
Exposure of cerebellar granule cells (CGCs) to 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) results in apoptotic cell death, which is markedly attenuated by co-treatment of CGCs with the radical scavenger vitamin E. Analysis of free radical production and mitochondrial transmembrane potential (DeltaPsim), using specific fluorescent probes, showed that MPP+ mediates(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) induces apoptosis and cell growth inhibition in primary rat fetal brown adipocytes. Here, we examine the role played by some members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) superfamily. TNFalpha activates extracellular regulated kinase-1/2 (ERK1/2) and p38MAPK. Inhibition of p38MAPK by either SB203580 or(More)
We have recently generated immortalized fetal brown adipocyte cell lines from insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) knockout mice and demonstrated an impairment in insulin-induced lipid synthesis as compared to wild-type cell lines. In this study, we investigated the consequences of IRS-1 deficiency on mitogenesis in response to insulin. The lack of IRS-1(More)
Trying to define the precise role played by insulin regulating the survival of brown adipocytes, we have used rat fetal brown adipocytes maintained in primary culture. The effect of insulin on apoptosis and the mechanisms involved were assessed. Different from the known effects of insulin as a survival factor, we have found that long-term treatment (72 h)(More)