Alberto Manuel Fernández Álvarez

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Aplidin, a new antitumoural drug presently in phase II clinical trials, has shown both in vitro and in vivo activity against human cancer cells. Aplidin effectively inhibits cell viability by triggering a canonical apoptotic program resulting in alterations in cell morphology, caspase activation, and chromatin fragmentation. Pro-apoptotic concentrations of(More)
Fetal rat hepatocytes treated with transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) die by apoptosis. However, a subpopulation of them survives and undergoes an epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT). This transition also occurs upon incubation with fetal bovine serum. We have isolated the subpopulations that undergo EMT (TGF-beta-treated-fetal hepatocytes:(More)
p38 alpha mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase is a broadly expressed signaling molecule that participates in the regulation of cellular responses to stress as well as in the control of proliferation and survival of many cell types. We have used cell lines derived from p38 alpha knockout mice to study the role of this signaling pathway in the regulation(More)
We recently demonstrated that thyroid hormone is an important regulator of mitochondrial gene expression during brain development. To gain further insights into the consequences of this regulation, we have performed functional and structural analysis of brain mitochondria from control and hypothyroid neonatal rats. Flow cytometric analysis showed a(More)
Fluorescein-di-beta-D-galactopyranoside (FDG) was found to be a useful substrate for beta-galactosidase detection by flow cytometry in gram-negative bacteria, since it entered viable cells and gave a fluorescence emission proportional to the enzymatic activity. C12-FDG, a more lipophilic derivative, gave a very poor signal because of the lack of(More)
The cell wall is an essential structure that preserves the osmotic integrity of fungal cells and determines cellular morphology during developmental programs. The high number of different wall components demands a variety of processes to deliver precursors and synthetic proteins to the proper location at the right time for wall development and modification.(More)
Both alleles of the XOG1 gene of Candida albicans, which encodes a protein with exoglucanase activity, were sequentially disrupted. Enzymic analysis of either cell extracts or culture supernatants of disrupted strains revealed that this gene is responsible for the major exoglucanase activity in C. albicans, although residual exoglucanase activity could(More)
Exposure of cerebellar granule cells (CGCs) to 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) results in apoptotic cell death, which is markedly attenuated by co-treatment of CGCs with the radical scavenger vitamin E. Analysis of free radical production and mitochondrial transmembrane potential (DeltaPsim), using specific fluorescent probes, showed that MPP+ mediates(More)
Two monoclonal antibodies specific for lipopolysaccharide antigens of Xanthomonas campestris pv. begoniae and pv. pelargonii reacted with all of their respective pathovar strains and not with 130 strains of other xanthomonads or 89 nonxanthomonads tested. These results, as well as previous results, indicate that pathovar-specific monoclonal antibodies were(More)
To investigate the contribution to allorecognition of the individual polymorphic positions Glu 69 and Val 36 from the DPB1*02012 allele, DPB1*02012 cDNA was subjected to site-directed mutagenesis and alleles expressing Lys at 69 and Ala at 36 were generated. The lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL) 45.EM1, a previously generated mutant B-LCL which expresses(More)