Alberto M. Hernández-Pinto

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Retinitis pigmentosa is a group of hereditary retinal dystrophies that normally result in photoreceptor cell death and vision loss both in animal models and in affected patients. The rd10 mouse, which carries a missense mutation in the Pde6b gene, has been used to characterize the underlying pathophysiology and develop therapies for this devastating and(More)
Neuronal survival has been shown to be enhanced by alpha-tocopherol and modulated by cyclic AMP (cAMP). Somatostatin (SST) receptors couple negatively to adenylyl cyclase (AC), thus leading to decreased cAMP levels. Whether alpha-tocopherol can stimulate neuronal survival via regulation of the somatostatinergic system, however, is unknown. The aim of this(More)
The aim of this study was to elucidate whether sulfadiazine, shown to improve cognitive capacity in the elderly, can prevent amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) (25-35)-induced impairment of the somatostatinergic system previously reported by our group in rat temporal cortex. Male Wistar rats were thus treated with sulfadiazine (160 mg/kg) or vehicle, via a(More)
Here, we assessed the effects of acute experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) on the rat hippocampal somatostatinergic system and whether administration of an ethanolamine phosphate salt could prevent the appearance of the clinical signs and the impairment of the somatostatinergic system in this pathological condition. Female Lewis rats were(More)
The ability to measure pressure changes inside different components of a living cell is important, because it offers an alternative way to study fundamental processes that involve cell deformation. Most current techniques such as pipette aspiration, optical interferometry or external pressure probes use either indirect measurement methods or approaches that(More)
Previous studies have revealed the presence of retinoid specific receptors in the hippocampus and have demonstrated that vitamin A deficiency produces a severe deficit in spatial learning and memory which are linked to a proper hippocampal functioning. It is also well known that the tetradecapeptide somatostatin binds to specific receptors in the(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the cerebral deposition of senile plaques that are mainly composed of a set of peptides referred to as amyloid beta-peptides (Abeta). Among the numerous neuropeptides produced in intrinsic cortical and hippocampal neurons, somatostatin (SRIF) has been found to be the most consistently reduced in the brain and(More)
Growing evidence suggests that inflammation is involved in the progression of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) both in patients and in animal models. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Adalimumab, a monoclonal anti-TNFα antibody, on retinal degeneration in a murine model of human autosomal recessive RP, the rd10 mice at postnatal day (P) 18. In(More)
Antipsychotics are established drugs in schizophrenia treatment which, however, are not free of side effects. Lipid rafts are critical for normal brain function. Several G protein-coupled receptors, such as somatostatin (SRIF) receptors, have been shown to localize to lipid rafts. The aim of this study was to investigate whether haloperidol treatment(More)
ProNGF signaling through p75NTR has been associated with neurodegenerative disorders. Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) comprises a group of inherited retinal dystrophies that causes progressive photoreceptor cell degeneration and death, at a rate dependent on the genetic mutation. There are more than 300 mutations causing RP, and this is a challenge to therapy.(More)