Alberto Loche

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The timing of puberty is controlled by many genes. The elements coordinating this process have not, however, been identified. Here we show that an epigenetic mechanism of transcriptional repression times the initiation of female puberty in rats. We identify silencers of the Polycomb group (PcG) as principal contributors to this mechanism and show that PcG(More)
Several studies have reported an association of the intronic single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs9939609 of the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene with obesity and with a number of obesity-related features. We studied the association of rs9939609 with obesity in 912 obese children and adolescents (426 males and 486 females, mean ± SD age 10.5 ±(More)
Kisspeptin, the product of the KiSS1 gene, has emerged as a key component of the mechanism by which the hypothalamus controls puberty and reproductive development. It does so by stimulating the secretion of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). Little is known about the transcriptional control of the KiSS1 gene. Here we show that a set of proteins(More)
An excess of left-handers among males has been attributed to early androgen exposure. This theory was supported by our observation that girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) are more left-biased than their normal sisters. Male CAH patients, with prenatal androgen exposure similar to that of unaffected brothers, had typical male-handedness patterns.
Mammalian puberty is initiated by an increased pulsatile release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from specialized neurons located in the hypothalamus. GnRH secretion is controlled by neuronal and glial networks, whose activity appears to be coordinated via transcriptional regulation. One of the transcription factors involved in this process is(More)
The initiation of mammalian puberty requires a sustained increase in pulsatile release of gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus. This increase is brought about by coordinated changes in transsynaptic and glial-neuronal communication, consisting of an increase in neuronal and glial stimulatory inputs to the GnRH neuronal network and(More)
AIM We aimed to study the influence of the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene on eating behavior in 412 obese Sardinian children and adolescents. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified several susceptibility loci for obesity. Among these, the polymorphisms in the intron 1 of the FTO gene has been found associated to weight gain and(More)
Allelic variants of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs7566605, located approximately 10 kb upstream of the INSIG2 gene have been found in association with body weight and with other clinical features related to obesity in some populations but not in others. Our objective was to test the association of this SNP in obese children and adolescents from(More)
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