Alberto Leardini

Learn More
The Standardization and Terminology Committee (STC) of the International Society of Biomechanics (ISB) proposes a general reporting standard for joint kinematics based on the Joint Coordinate System (JCS), first proposed by Grood and Suntay for the knee joint in 1983 (J. Biomech. Eng. 105 (1983) 136). There is currently a lack of standard for reporting(More)
When using optoelectronic stereophotogrammetry, skin deformation and displacement causes marker movement with respect to the underlying bone. This movement represents an artifact, which affects the estimation of the skeletal system kinematics, and is regarded as the most critical source of error in human movement analysis. A comprehensive review of the(More)
The present study assesses the accuracy with which the subject specific coordinates of the hip joint centre (HJC) in a pelvic anatomical frame can be estimated using different methods. The functional method was applied by calculating the centre of the best sphere described by the trajectory of markers placed on the thigh during several trials of hip(More)
This paper proposes a new protocol designed to track a large number of foot segments during the stance phase of gait with the smallest possible number of markers, with particular clinical focus on coronal plane alignment of the rear-foot, transverse and sagittal plane alignment of the metatarsal bones, and changes at the medial longitudinal arch. The shank,(More)
A better knowledge of the kinematics behavior of total knee replacement (TKR) during activity still remains a crucial issue to validate innovative prosthesis designs and different surgical strategies. Tools for more accurate measurement of in vivo kinematics of knee prosthesis components are therefore fundamental to improve the clinical outcome of knee(More)
BACKGROUND Computer-navigated total knee arthroplasty is aimed at improving accuracy in the positioning of prosthetic components and realigning the lower limb. The optimal position and orientation of the bone resection planes are targeted by the navigation system, but, after these are obtained, additional manual surgical actions, which may considerably(More)
Estimating the effects of different sources of error on joint kinematics is crucial for assessing the reliability of human movement analysis. The goal of the present paper is to review the different approaches dealing with joint kinematics sensitivity to rotation axes and the precision of anatomical landmark determination. Consistent with the previous(More)
OBJECTIVE To design a technique for the in vivo description of ankle and other foot joint rotations to be applied in routine functional evaluation using non-invasive stereophotogrammetry. DESIGN Position and orientation of tibia/fibula, calcaneus, mid-foot, 1st metatarsal and hallux segments were tracked during the stance phase of walking in nine(More)
This paper sets the stage for a series of reviews dealing with the problems associated with the reconstruction and analysis of in vivo skeletal system kinematics using optoelectronic stereophotogrammetric data. Instantaneous bone position and orientation and joint kinematic variable estimations are addressed in the framework of rigid body mechanics. The(More)
In this prospective, randomized, controlled study, we compared the performance of conventional and navigated total knee arthroplasties. Component alignment was measured in 60 patients operated on using navigation and in 60 patients operated on using the conventional technique. The groups then were divided into a subpopulation to measure alignments of the(More)