Alberto José da Silva Duarte

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Immunodeficiency with hyper-IgM (HIGM) results from genetic defects in the CD40–CD40 ligand (CD40L) pathway or in the enzymes required for immunoglobulin class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation. HIGM can thus be associated with an impairment of both B-cell and T-cell activation. There are seven main subtypes of HIGM and the most frequent is(More)
Infection with GB virus C (GBV-C) or hepatitis G virus (HGV) is highly prevalent among HIV/AIDS patients. GBV-C/HGV viremia has not been associated with liver disease and seems to slow HIV disease progression. To study the GBV-C/HGV genotypes prevalence among HIV/AIDS patients and its association with HIV viral load (VL) and CD4+ lymphocyte counts. From(More)
Treatment of patients with paracoccidioidomycosis is still a challenge. Patients present defective lymphoproliferation and IFN-gamma responses to the main Paracoccidioides brasiliensis antigen (gp43), which correlates with disease severity. Here, we demonstrated that the patients show also a defective synthesis of interleukin (IL)-12. Therefore, we(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate differences in HIV disease progression in patients infected with HIV subtype B with a GPGR motif in the V3 loop region (B-GPGR) versus the Brazilian subtype B variant with a GWGR motif (B'-GWGR). MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients were enrolled in an ongoing cohort study at the University of São Paulo(More)
INTRODUCTION Patient-related variables, such as physical exercise, stress and fasting status are important sources of variability in laboratory testing. However, no clear indications about fasting requirements exist for routine haematological tests, nor has the influence of meals been assessed. METHODS We studied 17 healthy volunteers who consumed a light(More)
The Delta/Notch signalling system is involved in several developmental processes. During fly neurogenesis, Delta expression defines the fate of neuronal precursors and inhibits neighboring Notch-expressing cells from acquiring a neural fate, a process known as lateral inhibition. In vertebrates, recent evidence demonstrates that Notch activation can(More)
T regulatory cells (Tregs) play an important role in the mechanism of host's failure to control pathogen dissemination in severe forms of different chronic granulomatous diseases, but their role in leprosy has not yet been elucidated; 28 newly diagnosed patients (16 patients with lepromatous leprosy and 12 patients with tuberculoid leprosy) and 6 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND The use of corticosteroids for treating tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-1 associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM) has yielded controversial results. We report the use of corticosteroids for the treatment of TSP/HAM in an open cohort. METHODS The clinical efficacy of long-term, high dose of corticosteroid therapy was studied in thirty-nine TSP/HAM(More)
One hundred sixty-six cases of primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) (95 males, 71 females), diagnosed according to WHO criteria, have been registered at the Children's Hospital, University of São Paulo, Brazil. The following frequencies were found: predominantly humoral defects, 60.8% (n = 101); T cell defects, 4.9% (n = 8); combined ID, 9.6% (n = 16);(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of vitamin D3 on cytokine levels, regulatory T cells, and residual β-cell function decline when cholecalciferol (vitamin D3 administered therapeutically) is given as adjunctive therapy with insulin in new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). DESIGN AND SETTING An 18-month (March 10, 2006, to October 28, 2010) randomized,(More)