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BACKGROUND Various approaches have been proposed to treat articular cartilage lesions, which are plagued by inherent limited healing potential. PURPOSE To compare the clinical outcome of patients treated with second-generation autologous chondrocyte implantation implants with those treated with the microfracture repair technique at 5-year follow-up. (More)
UNLABELLED The use of tissue engineering for cartilage repair has emerged as a potential therapeutic option and has led to the development of Hyalograft C, a tissue-engineered graft composed of autologous chondrocytes grown on a scaffold entirely made of HYAFF 11, an esterified derivative of hyaluronic acid. Here we present the results of an ongoing(More)
RAR and AML1 transcription factors are found in leukemias as fusion proteins with PML and ETO, respectively. Association of PML-RAR and AML1-ETO with the nuclear corepressor (N-CoR)/histone deacetylase (HDAC) complex is required to block hematopoietic differentiation. We show that PML-RAR and AML1-ETO exist in vivo within high molecular weight (HMW) nuclear(More)
Human tumors are believed to harbor a disabled p53 tumor suppressor pathway, either through direct mutation of the p53 gene or through aberrant expression of proteins acting in the p53 pathway, such as p14(ARF) or Mdm2. A role for Mdmx (or Mdm4) as a key negative regulator of p53 function in vivo has been established. However, a direct contribution of Mdmx(More)
We report here the characterization of a mutant mouse line with a specific gene trap event in the Mdm4 locus. Absence of Mdm4 expression results in embryonic lethality (10.5 days postcoitum [dpc]), which was rescued by transferring the Mdm4 mutation into a Trp53-null background. Mutant embryos were characterized by overall growth deficiency, anemia,(More)
There is growing evidence that vasculogenesis (progenitor cell-derived generation of new blood vessels) is required for the growth of some neoplastic diseases. Here we show that the administration of cyclophosphamide (CTX) at the maximum tolerable dose with 21-day breaks or at more frequent low-dose (metronomic) schedules have opposite effects on the(More)
Rare cells with the properties of stem cells are integral to the development and perpetuation of leukaemias. A defining characteristic of stem cells is their capacity to self-renew, which is markedly extended in leukaemia stem cells. The underlying molecular mechanisms, however, are largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that expression of the cell-cycle(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue engineering has emerged as a potential therapeutic option for cartilage regeneration. HYPOTHESIS Hyaluronan-based scaffolds seeded with autologous chondrocytes are a viable treatment for damaged articular surface of the patellofemoral joint. STUDY DESIGN Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS Thirty-two chondral lesions with a(More)
This prospective outcomes study was designed to prospectively investigate the outcome of the microfracture technique when applied to full thickness chondral lesions of the knee in a group of athletes. From 1991 to 1999, 109 patients were treated using the microfracture technique. We prospectively followed up 53 athletes who satisfied our inclusion criteria.(More)
BACKGROUND Patellofemoral lesions represent a very troublesome condition to treat for orthopaedic surgeons; however, second-generation autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) seems to offer an interesting treatment option with satisfactory results at short-term follow-up. HYPOTHESIS Hyaluronan-based scaffold seeded with autologous chondrocytes is a(More)