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Rare cells with the properties of stem cells are integral to the development and perpetuation of leukaemias. A defining characteristic of stem cells is their capacity to self-renew, which is markedly extended in leukaemia stem cells. The underlying molecular mechanisms, however, are largely unknown. Here we demonstrate that expression of the cell-cycle(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is associated with chromosomal translocations resulting in fusion proteins of the retinoic acid receptor (RAR). Here, we report a novel murine model system for APL, based on the transduction of purified murine hematopoietic progenitors (lin(-)) using high-titer retroviral vectors encoding promyelocytic leukemia-RAR(More)
There is growing evidence that vasculogenesis (progenitor cell-derived generation of new blood vessels) is required for the growth of some neoplastic diseases. Here we show that the administration of cyclophosphamide (CTX) at the maximum tolerable dose with 21-day breaks or at more frequent low-dose (metronomic) schedules have opposite effects on the(More)
The Sphere Exclusion algorithm is a well-known algorithm used to select diverse subsets from chemical-compound libraries or collections. It can be applied with any given distance measure between two structures. It is popular because of the intuitive geometrical interpretation of the method and its good performance on large data sets. This paper describes(More)
Recent studies have suggested that non-obese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD/SCID) mice transplanted with human hemato-logical malignancies show higher levels of engraftment compared with other strains. We used this model to compare xenotransplantability of human leukemia and lymphoma cell lines and to investigate angiogenesis in(More)
Relational databases are the current standard for storing and retrieving data in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries. However, retrieving data from a relational database requires specialized knowledge of the database schema and of the SQL query language. At Anadys, we have developed an easy-to-use system for searching and reporting data in a(More)
Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) is a potentially immunosuppressive agent that may act as a cofactor in the progression of AIDS. Here, we describe the first small animal model of HHV-6 infection. HHV-6 subgroup A, strain GS, efficiently infected the human thymic tissue implanted in SCID-hu Thy/Liv mice, leading to the destruction of the graft. Viral DNA was(More)
Automated registration of compounds from external sources is necessitated by the numerous compound acquisitions from vendors and by the increasing number of collaborations with external partners. A prerequisite for automating compound registration is a robust module for determining the structural novelty of the input structures. Any such tool needs to be(More)
Computer aided drug design is progressing and playing an increasingly important role in drug discovery. Computational methods are being used to evaluate larger and larger numbers of real and virtual compounds. New methods based on molecular simulations that take protein and ligand flexibility into account also contribute to an ever increasing need for(More)
BACKGROUND After performing a fragment based screen the resulting hits need to be prioritized for follow-up structure elucidation and chemistry. This paper describes a new similarity metric, Atom-Atom-Path (AAP) similarity that is used in conjunction with the Directed Sphere Exclusion (DISE) clustering method to effectively organize and prioritize the(More)