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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Cirrhotic patients frequently undergo screening endoscopy for the presence of oesophageal varices (OV). In the future, this social and medical burden will increase due to the greater number of patients with chronic liver disease and their improved survival. In this study, our aims were (1) to identify clinical, biochemical, and(More)
BACKGROUND Indices for predicting survival are essential for assessing prognosis and assigning priority for liver transplantation in patients with liver cirrhosis. The model for end stage liver disease (MELD) has been proposed as a tool to predict mortality risk in cirrhotic patients. However, this model has not been validated beyond its original setting.(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Serum levels of leptin, the adipocyte-derived hormone regulating food intake and energy expenditure in mammals, have been found to be increased in cirrhotic patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate leptin serum level in relation to anthropometric features and liver function in patients with viral chronic hepatitis or liver(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Liver biopsy examination is the gold standard to diagnose the presence of cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of both 13 C-aminopyrine breath test ( 13 C-ABT) and 13 C-galactose breath test ( 13 C-GBT) in the noninvasive assessment of the presence of cirrhosis in patients with chronic liver disease. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND The aspartate aminotransferase-alanine aminotransferase ratio (AST/ALT ratio) has been used to noninvasively assess the severity of disease in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). We previously demonstrated that progressive liver functional impairment is associated with an increase in the AST/ALT ratio. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND There are few data on the use of the 13C-aminopyrine breath test to evaluate the severity of disease in patients with hepatitis C virus-related chronic liver disease, although these patients represent one of the most important problems in clinical hepatology. AIMS To compare 13C-aminopyrine breath test results of patients with hepatitis C(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Altered CA19-9 levels are commonly found in patients with liver cirrhosis though a clear explanation for this finding has not yet been given. The aim of this study was to investigate whether CA19-9 levels might be related to alterations in biochemical parameters and/or to functional impairment in cirrhotic patients with and without(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatitis C virus (HCV) related disease follows a long, benign course and most affected patients have mild disease. Liver biopsy is mandatory to grade and stage the disease. Characteristic, though non-specific, HCV histological lesions such as bile duct damage and steatosis have been singled out but their association with non-histological(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori gastric infection has been associated with various digestive and extra-digestive diseases. The systemic influence of gastric H. pylori infection seems to be mediated by the release of various cytokines. In liver disease, bacterial infections have been associated with the impairment of liver metabolic function. AIMS To(More)
The ratio of serum aspartate aminotransferase toalanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT ratio) has beenproposed as a noninvasive method of assessing liverfibrosis and cirrhosis. Our aims were to confirm the usefulness of the AST/ALT ratio in diagnosingcirrhosis noninvasively as well as to verify theexistence of a relationship between the ratio and liverfunctional(More)