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The fitness of an organism can be affected by conditions experienced during early development. In light of the impact that oxidative stress can have on the health and ageing of a bird species, this study evaluated factors accounting for the variation in oxidative stress levels in nestlings of the Eurasian kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) by measuring the serum(More)
It is recognized that carotenoids are useful anti-oxidants in embryo and hatchling avian models. However, recent evidence suggests that the anti-oxidant role of carotenoids in nestling or adult birds may not be as important as previously thought. The aim of the present work was to investigate if supplemental carotenoids decreased the level of oxidative(More)
Carotenoids are considered a limited resource for animals because they are not synthesised by the body. Birds use carotenoids, mainly xanthophylls, for physiological functions, such as anti-oxidant activity, and for colour expression; hence, they need to shunt carotenoids between competitive demands. Recent studies suggest that the anti-oxidant role of(More)
Carotenoids are pigments synthesised by autotrophic organisms. For nestlings of raptorial species, which obtain carotenoids from the consumption of other heterotrophic species, the access to these pigments can be crucial. Carotenoids, indeed, have fundamental health maintenance functions, especially important in developing individuals as nestling kestrels.(More)
OBJECTIVE Since tumor volume is recognized as an important predictor of clinical stage and disease outcome of prostate cancer, accurate preoperative estimation of tumor volume can play an important role in planning the appropriate treatment and establishing a patient's prognosis. We performed this study to evaluate the accuracy of the endorectal coil(More)
Birds control body homeostasis through the secretion of corticosterone. This hormone is the end-product of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis response to stressors. High levels of corticosterone may be associated with low individual fitness and may affect balance between pro-oxidants and antioxidants. Given these points, chronic stress modulated(More)
Selective predation can be an important force driving the evolution of organisms. In particular, sex-biased predation is expected to have implications for sexual selection, sex allocation and population dynamics. In this study, we analysed sex differences in the predation of the western green lizard (Lacerta bilineata) by the Eurasian kestrel (Falco(More)
Ants are often used as ecological indicators in environmental monitoring programs, but rarely in Europe, probably because of a lack of baseline knowledge on the relationship between ant community structure and environmental variation. We present this baseline knowledge for Italian ecosystems that are typical of the Mediterranean climate, in order to assess(More)
Carotenoids are considered a limited resource for animals because they are not synthesised by the body. Birds use carotenoids, mainly xanthophylls, for physiological functions, such as anti-oxidant activity, and for colour expression; hence, they need to shunt carotenoids between competitive demands. Recent studies suggest that the anti-oxidant role of(More)
Twelve elderly in-patients undergoing chronic furosemide treatment (25 mg/day), with stable diuresis, were admitted to a cross-over, double-blind study to investigate the possible interactions between indoprofen and the diuretic. Indoprofen (200 mg t.i.d.) and identical placebo tablets were administered in randomized sequences for 4 days each. The sequence(More)