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Longitudinal studies indicate that declines in cognition and memory accelerate after age 70 years. The neuroanatomic and neurophysiologic underpinnings of cognitive change are unclear, as there is little information on longitudinal brain changes. We are conducting a longitudinal neuroimaging study of nondemented older participants in the Baltimore(More)
In this work, we developed, implemented, and validated an image-processing system for qualitative and quantitative volumetric analysis of brain images. This system allows the visualization and quantitation of global and regional brain volumes. Global volumes were obtained via an automated adaptive Bayesian segmentation technique that labels the brain into(More)
Three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of autoradiograms can provide new insights into the functional relationship of neural regions. To reach full potential, however, 3-D reconstruction must be both accurate and efficient. In this paper, we present a novel image matching algorithm that simultaneously aligns a set of serial sections and uses the method to(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine how measures reflecting cerebral atrophy (CA) are influenced by pulse sequence (PS) and segmentation algorithm (SA) used in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and healthy control (HC)s. METHODS Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans from 10 relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients and five HCs were used to(More)
The purpose of this research was to develop queries that quantify the utilization of comparison imaging in free-text radiology reports. The queries searched for common phrases that indicate whether comparison imaging was utilized, not available, or not mentioned. The queries were iteratively refined and tested on random samples of 100 reports with human(More)
In this work, we developed and implemented a multimodality multidimensional imaging system which is capable of generating and displaying anatomical and functional images of selected structures and processes within a vertebrate's central nervous system (CNS). The functional images are generated from [14C]-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG) autoradiography whereas the(More)
This article presents a technique for improving MR image contrast by linearly combining multiple MR images with different tissue contrast. The weighting coefficients of the linear combination are derived using principal component analysis. The contrast-enhanced composite image is segmented subsequently using gray level-based 1D segmentation methods. The(More)
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