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The aim of this study was to correlate clinical and functional evaluations with kinematic variables of upper limp reach-to-grasp movement in patients with tetraplegia. Twenty chronic patients were selected to perform reach-to-grasp kinematic assessment using a target placed at a distance equal to the arm's length. Kinematic variables (hand peak velocity,(More)
STUDY DESIGN This is cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study is to investigate the cardiac structure and function of subjects with spinal cord injury (SCI) and the impact of metabolic, hemodynamic and inflammatory factors on these parameters. SETTING São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS Sixty-five nondiabetic, nonhypertensive, sedentary,(More)
Medial opening-wedge has gained popularity in comparison to other techniques of high tibial osteotomy. This technique involves the creation of a gap in the tibia. Filling the gap with autologous iliac bone graft was recommended in the classic description, to prevent complications such as correction loss or delayed bone union. No previous reports have(More)
The protection and management of protected areas must be adapted to the effects of climate change. An important question is if the law on protected areas is capable of dealing with the required changes. In general, both international nature conventions and European Union nature conservation law do not contain any specific provisions on climate change and(More)
Increases in muscular cross-sectional area (CSA) occur in quadriplegics after training, but the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) along with training are unknown. Thus, we addressed two questions: (1) Does NMES during treadmill gait training increase the quadriceps CSA in complete quadriplegics?; and (2) Is treadmill gait training alone(More)
Spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects lack sensorimotor functions. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) systems have been used to artificially restore motor functions, but without proprioceptive feedback, SCI subjects can control NMES systems only when they can see their limbs. In a gait restoration system, the subject looks down to the ground to be(More)
The myoelectric signal can be used to control many rehabilitation systems, for instance, prostheses and artificial neuromuscular electrical stimulation toward restoring movement to spinal cord injured subjects. These mobile systems are usually used in different environments and thus are being exposed to different noise levels with characteristics not(More)
A rehabilitation program toward restoring upper limb movements based on neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) depends on closed-loop control performance, which has been limited by the development of sensors for practical daily use. This work proposes a system to obtain force feedback. The system is comprised of a Lycra commercial glove with force(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of 780-nm low-level laser therapy at different periods of 7, 14 and 21 days after cryolesion, including the dose (10 or 50 J/cm(2)), to promote a better muscle repair evidenced by histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses. Fifty-four male rats were divided into three groups: injured control(More)