Alberto Barrientos

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The subunits forming the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation system are coded by both nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Recently, we attempted to introduce mtDNA from non-human apes into a human cell line lacking mtDNA (rho degrees), and succeeded in producing human-common chimpanzee, human-pigmy chimpanzee, and human-gorilla xenomitochondrial cybrids(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme activities in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). METHODS Mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme activities were assessed spectrophotometrically in left ventricular tissue of 17 patients with IDC undergoing cardiac transplantation, as well as in two groups of controls: a(More)
Complex III (CIII; ubiquinol cytochrome c reductase of the mitochondrial respiratory chain) catalyzes electron transfer from succinate and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-linked dehydrogenases to cytochrome c. CIII is made up of 11 subunits, of which all but one (cytochrome b) are encoded by nuclear DNA. CIII deficiencies are rare and manifest(More)
The mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation system consists of five multimeric enzymes (complexes I-V). NADH dehydrogenase or complex I (CI) is affected in most of the mitochondrial diseases and in some neurodegenerative disorders. We have studied the physiological consequences of a partial CI inhibition at the cellular level. We used a genetic model (40%(More)
Treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) has solved the problem of anemia in patients on dialysis. However, its application to predialysis patients has raised some doubts about its effects on the progression of renal disease and on blood pressure (BP) and hemodynamic regulation. We have prospectively studied over at least 6 months a group of(More)
OBJECTIVE Maintenance of the mitochondrial membrane potential (Deltapsim) is fundamental for the normal performance and survival of cells such as cardiomyocytes, that have a high energy requirement. Measurement of Deltapsim is therefore essential in order to develop an understanding of the molecular mechanisms controlling cardiomyocyte function. Here we(More)
BACKGROUND The use of non-heart-beating donors could help shorten the list of patients who are waiting for a kidney transplant. Several reports describe acceptable results of transplantations from non-heart-beating donors who had in-hospital cardiac arrest, but few reports describe results of transplantations from non-heart-beating donors who had cardiac(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the survival and midterm function of kidneys from non-heart beating donors (NHBD) with those of kidneys from heart beating donors (HBD). From 1989 to 1998, 144 kidneys were procured from NHBD at the Hospital Clínico San Carlos in Madrid, of which 95 were transplanted. The kidney grafts were maintained from the moment of(More)
Wolfram syndrome is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder transmitted in an autosomal recessive mode. We report two Wolfram syndrome families harboring multiple deletions of mitochondrial DNA. The deletions reached percentages as high as 85-90% in affected tissues such as the central nervous system of one patient, while in other tissues from the same(More)
We investigated the relationship between age and respiratory chain function of skeletal muscle mitochondria in 132 control individuals (15 to 95 years old). Muscle mitochondria were studied polarographically and spectrophotometrically. By regression analysis, we found a significant inverse correlation between age and oxygen uptake linked to substrate(More)