Alberto Auricchio

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Leber's congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a group of inherited blinding diseases with onset during childhood. One form of the disease, LCA2, is caused by mutations in the retinal pigment epithelium-specific 65-kDa protein gene (RPE65). We investigated the safety of subretinal delivery of a recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) carrying RPE65 complementary(More)
Recombinant vectors based on adeno-associated virus (AAV) or human immunodeficiency 1 (lentivirus) are promising tools for long term in vivo gene delivery. Their design allows the exchange of capsids or envelopes, respectively, theoretically providing the opportunity to transduce a range of cell types. We constructed AAV vectors encoding enhanced green(More)
In several neurodegenerative diseases, axonal degeneration occurs before neuronal death and contributes significantly to patients' disability. Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a genetically heterogeneous condition characterized by selective degeneration of axons of the corticospinal tracts and fasciculus gracilis. HSP may therefore be considered an(More)
The safety and efficacy of gene therapy for inherited retinal diseases is being tested in humans affected with Leber's congenital amaurosis (LCA), an autosomal recessive blinding disease. Three independent studies have provided evidence that the subretinal administration of adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors encoding RPE65 in patients affected with LCA2(More)
Vectors derived from adeno-associated virus (AAV) are promising for human gene therapy, including treatment for retinal blindness. One major limitation of AAVs as vectors is that AAV cargo capacity has been considered to be restricted to 4.7 kb. Here we demonstrate that vectors with an AAV5 capsid (i.e., rAAV2/5) incorporated up to 8.9 kb of genome more(More)
In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) the absence of dystrophin at the sarcolemma delocalizes and downregulates nitric oxide synthase (nNOS); this alters S-nitrosylation of HDAC2 and its chromatin association. We show that the differential HDAC2 nitrosylation state in Duchenne versus wild-type conditions deregulates the expression of a specific subset of(More)
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR), or aganglionic megacolon, is the most common cause of congenital intestinal obstruction. Two different loci have been found to be tightly linked to HSCR on chromosomes 10 and 13, respectively. Recently, mutations in the RET protooncogene on chromosome 10q11.2 were identified in several HSCR patients. In addition, a missense(More)
Gene therapy represents a promising therapeutic option for many inherited and acquired retinal diseases. Recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors (AAV) are the most efficient tools to transfer genes in vivo to the retina. The recent identification of dozens of novel AAV serotypes enormously expands on the versatility of AAV as vector system for in vivo(More)
Vectors based on hybrids consisting of adeno-associated virus types 2 (ITRs and Rep) and 5 (Cap) were evaluated for muscle-directed gene transfer (called AAV2/5). Evaluation in immune-competent mice revealed greater transduction efficacy with AAV2/5 than with AAV2 and no cross-neutralization between AAV2/5 and AAV2. Interestingly, we saw no immunologic(More)
BACKGROUND Gene therapy has the potential to reverse disease or prevent further deterioration of vision in patients with incurable inherited retinal degeneration. We therefore did a phase 1 trial to assess the effect of gene therapy on retinal and visual function in children and adults with Leber's congenital amaurosis. METHODS We assessed the retinal and(More)