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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The role of mild hyperhomocysteinemia as a risk factor for cerebral ischemia may depend on stroke subtype. To test this hypothesis, we undertook a prospective case-control study of a group of patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection (sCAD), a group of patients with atherothrombotic stroke (non-CAD), and a group of control(More)
The possibility that myocardial ischaemia alters the defence mechanisms against oxygen toxicity has been investigated. Ischaemia was induced in isolated, perfused rabbit hearts by reducing coronary flow from 25 ml/min to 1 ml/min for 90 min. Two different degrees of ischaemic damage have been achieved using either spontaneously beating or electrically(More)
UNLABELLED Among 94 osteopetrotic patients presenting with a severe clinical picture and diagnosed early in life, 12 bore mutations in the ClCN7 gene, but only 7 of them had the expected two recessive mutations. The remaining five patients seem to be heterozygous for a ClCN7 mutation, and significant variations were observed in the clinical manifestations(More)
Bone marrow (BM) multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) present with multipotent differentiation potential and immunomodulatory properties. As an alternative to bone marrow, we have examined fetal membranes, amnion and chorion, of term human placenta as a potential source of multipotent MSCs. Here we show that amnion mesenchymal cells (AMCs) and(More)
The authors investigated the dose-effect relation between alcohol drinking and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in men and women separately, also considering hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus infections. They enrolled 464 subjects (380 men) with a first diagnosis of HCC as cases and 824 subjects (686 men) unaffected by hepatic diseases as controls; all were(More)
We performed a case-control study to evaluate the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. A total of 305 newly diagnosed HCC cases (80% males) and 610 subjects (81% males) unaffected by clinically evident hepatic disease admitted to the 2 main hospitals in Brescia, North Italy, were recruited as cases and controls,(More)
It is known that myocardial ischaemia causes a marked decline of cellular thiol pool and of protein sulphydryl groups content. Reperfusion under these conditions results in oxydative damage which is concomitant with poor recovery of mechanical function. We have evaluated the role of glutathione status in the protection against ischaemic and reperfusion(More)
In Parkinson's disease (PD), dopamine neurons containing neuromelanin selectively degenerate. Neuromelanin binds iron and accumulates in aging. Iron accumulates in reactive form during aging, PD, and is involved in neurodegeneration. It is not clear how the interaction of neuromelanin and iron can be protective or toxic by modulating redox processes. Here,(More)
Glutathione plays an important role in the detoxification processes of electrophilic metabolites of xenobiotics and oxygen free radicals, such that release of reduced and oxidized glutathione into the plasma is considered a reliable index of oxidative stress. However, reduced glutathione in plasma undergoes spontaneous autoxidation, with mixed disulfide(More)
To study the functional differences between human ferritin H- and L-chains and the role of the protein shell in the formation and growth of the ferritin iron core, we have compared the kinetics of iron oxidation and uptake of ferritin purified from human liver (90% L) and of the H-chain homopolymer overproduced in Escherichia coli (100% H). As a control for(More)