Alberto A. Rasia-Filho

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The medial nucleus of the amygdala (MeA), a sexually dimorphic area, contains estrogen and androgen receptors and has an integrative role in behavioral, vegetative and endocrine activities of rats. The density of dendritic spines along the first 40 microm of dendritic length was studied in neurons from the anterodorsal (MeAD), posterodorsal (MePD) and(More)
Successful reproduction requires that changes in plasma follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin (PRL), oxytocin (OT), estrogen (E(2)) and progesterone (P(4)) occur together with the display of maternal behaviors. Ovarian steroids and environmental stimuli can affect the dendritic spines in the rat hippocampus. Here, studying(More)
The rat posterodorsal medial amygdala (MePD) expresses receptors for gonadal hormones and integrates sex steroid-sensitive subcortical networks. Male-female differences are found in the morphology, connectivity, and local neuropil structure of MePD. For example, dendritic spine density is sexually-dimorphic and changes with the estrous cycle and following(More)
The medial amygdala (MeA) has receptors for gonadal hormones and modulates reproductive behaviors in rats. Adult male and female rats were used for the immunodetection, a less accurate technique, and the immunohistochemistry for the astrocytic marker glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in the anterior and posterior MeA. Both procedures were done using(More)
Behavioral sex differences have been linked to the presence of testosterone secretion during a critical perinatal period. The present experiment tested whether or not castration at different ages (early postnatal period and adulthood) would alter performance in the plus maze, a behavioral test of anxiety. Intact adult male rats (n = 17) were compared to(More)
Glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) participate in central cardiovascular control, and are found in the rat posterodorsal medial amygdala (MePD), an area of the forebrain that modulates emotional/social behaviors. Here we tested whether these neurotransmitters in the MePD could change the basal activity, chemoreflex, and baroreflex cardiovascular(More)
The medial amygdala (MeA) is a sexually dimorphic area that modulates neuroendocrine and behavioral activities and where gonadal hormones play an important role in neuron-glial and synaptic plasticity. Immunohistochemistry was used to identify the astrocytic marker glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in the different MeA subnuclei--anterodorsal (MeAD),(More)
The aim of the present study was to describe the ultrastructure of neurons (from eight animals) and to analyse the synaptic terminal distribution (from two animals) in the posterodorsal subnucleus of the medial amygdala (MePD) of adult male rats. Using transmission electron microscopy, it was possible to identify many spiny and aspiny dendrites,(More)
The medial amygdala (MeA) has receptors for gonadal hormones and is a sexually dimorphic area in rats. The aims of the present work were (1) to look at sex differences and the effect of gonadal hormone withdrawal in males castrated as offspring or at adulthood on neuronal soma area in the anterior and posterior MeA and (2) to study the dendritic branching(More)
Previous studies have involved the "posterodorsal" amygdaloid area with the control of food intake and the development of obesity in rats. Within this wide region, the posterodorsal medial amygdala (MePD) has connections with specific hypothalamic nuclei that increase feeding behavior and modulate energy balance. Glutamate is the major brain excitatory(More)