Albertas I. Undrovinas

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BACKGROUND Ventricular repolarization and contractile function are frequently abnormal in ventricular myocytes from human failing hearts as well as canine hearts with experimentally induced heart failure (HF). These abnormalities have been attributed to dysfunction involving various steps of the excitation-contraction coupling process, leading to impaired(More)
BACKGROUND Late Na(+) current (I(NaL)) in human and dog hearts has been implicated in abnormal repolarization associated with heart failure (HF). HF slows inactivation gating of late Na(+) channels, which could contribute to these abnormalities. AIMS To test how altered gating affects I(NaL) time course, Na(+) influx, and action potential (AP)(More)
BACKGROUND Alterations in K+ channel expression and gating are thought to be the major cause of action potential remodeling in heart failure (HF). We previously reported the existence of a late Na+ current (INaL) in cardiomyocytes of dogs with chronic HF, which suggested the importance of the Na+ channel in this remodeling process. The present study(More)
To investigate possible ionic current mechanisms underlying ischemic arrhythmias, we studied single Na+ channel currents in rat and rabbit cardiac myocytes treated with the ischemic metabolite lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) using the cell-attached and excised inside-out patch-clamp technique at 22 degrees C. LPC has been reported previously to reduce open(More)
1. The fast sodium inward current of freshly isolated single rat myocardial cells was studied by means of the internal perfusion-voltage clamp method. 2. The voltage dependence of this current did not differ from the current-voltage characteristics of the fast sodium inward current described for other excitable cells and tissues. 3. The time constant of(More)
We previously showed that a canine model of chronic heart failure (HF) produced by multiple coronary microembolizations manifests ventricular arrhythmias similar to those observed in patients with chronic HF. In the present study, we used single canine cardiomyocytes isolated from the left ventricle (LV) of normal dogs (n = 13) and dogs with HF (n = 15) to(More)
To investigate the role of the cytoskeleton in cardiac Na+ channel gating, the action of cytochalasin D (Cyto-D), an agent that interferes with actin polymerization, was studied by whole cell voltage clamp and cell-attached and inside-out patches from rat and rabbit ventricular cardiac myocytes. Cyto-D (20-40 microM) reduced whole cell peak Na+ current by(More)
We previously reported an ultraslow inactivating late Na+ current (INaL) in left ventricular cardiomyocytes (VC) isolated from normal (NVC) and failing (FVC) human hearts. This current could play a role in heart failure-induced repolarization abnormalities. To identify properties of NaCh contributing to INaL, we examined early and late openings in(More)
We elucidate the role of late Na+ current (INaL) for diastolic intracellular Ca2+ (DCa) accumulation in chronic heart failure (HF). HF was induced in 19 dogs by multiple coronary artery microembolizations; 6 normal dogs served as control. Ca2+ transients were recorded in field-paced (0.25 or 1.5 Hz) fluo-4-loaded ventricular myocytes (VM). INaL and action(More)