In the last four decades, combinatorial optimization has been strongly influenced by linear programming. With the mathematical and algorithmic understanding of linear programs came a whole host ofâ€¦ (More)

I. A Brief History of Optimization Research: The history of optimization of realvalued non-linear functions (including linear ones), unconstrained or constrained, goes back to Gottfried Leibniz,â€¦ (More)

The first purpose of this paper is to tell the history of John von Neumannâ€™s development of the minimax theorem for two-person zero-sum games from his first proof of the theorem in 1928 until 1944â€¦ (More)

The spatial Prisonerâ€™s Dilemma is a prototype model to show the emergence of cooperation in very competitive environments. It considers players, at site of lattices, that can either cooperate orâ€¦ (More)

This study proposes a binary Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) approach to develop game strategies for Iterated Prisonerâ€™s Dilemma (IPD). To determine the quality of the evolved strategies, a comparison isâ€¦ (More)

This paper presents a relatively â€•unfetteredâ€– practical method for finding global optima to constrained nonlinear programs. The method reformulates the given program into a bi-objective mixed-integerâ€¦ (More)