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When our two eyes view incongruent images, we experience binocular rivalry: An ongoing cycle of dominance periods of either image and transition periods when both are visible. Two key forces underlying this process are adaptation of and inhibition between the images' neural representations. Models based on these factors meet the constraints posed by data on(More)
Are two eyes needed for judging direction of self-motion? Traditional analyses stress that the pattern of optic flow in one eye is sufficient. The main difficulty is how to deal with the eye or head rotation. Extraretinal signals help, but humans can also discount the effect of rotation purely on the basis of monocular flow provided the scene contains(More)
In humans, functional imaging studies have demonstrated a homologue of the macaque motion complex, MT+ [suggested to contain both middle temporal (MT) and medial superior temporal (MST)], in the ascending limb of the inferior temporal sulcus. In the macaque monkey, motion-sensitive areas MT and MST are adjacent in the superior temporal sulcus.(More)
The stability of gaze in three dimensions (horizontal, vertical and torsion) was measured with a new type of scleral search coil in eight emmetropic observers. Subjects held the head still or oscillated it at 0.16-0.67 Hz (amplitude about 10 deg) in the horizontal, vertical or torsional plane while fixating a point target at optical infinity. Veridical gaze(More)
Studying the temporal dynamics of bistable perception can be useful for understanding neural mechanisms underlying the phenomenon. We take a closer look at those temporal dynamics, using data from four different ambiguous stimuli. We focus our analyses on two recurrent themes in bistable perception literature. First, we address the question whether percept(More)
When viewing a stimulus that has multiple plausible real-world interpretations, perception alternates between these interpretations every few seconds. Alternations can be halted by intermittently removing the stimulus from view. The same interpretation dominates over many successive presentations, and perception stabilizes. Here we study perception during(More)
Recent neuroimaging studies have identified putative homologs of macaque middle temporal area (area MT) and medial superior temporal area (area MST) in humans. Little is known about the integration of visual and nonvisual signals in human motion areas compared with monkeys. Through extra-retinal signals, the brain can factor out the components of visual(More)
When visual input is inconclusive, does previous experience aid the visual system in attaining an accurate perceptual interpretation? Prolonged viewing of a visually ambiguous stimulus causes perception to alternate between conflicting interpretations. When viewed intermittently, however, ambiguous stimuli tend to evoke the same percept on many consecutive(More)
The retinal flow during normal locomotion contains components due to rotation and translation of the observer. The translatory part of the flow-pattern is informative of heading, because it radiates outward from the direction of heading. However, it is not directly accessible from the retinal flow. Nevertheless, humans can perceive their direction of(More)