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The value of gadolinium enhancement to enable detection of infarcted myocardium at T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was assessed in 84 patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Five healthy subjects served as controls. All patients underwent MR imaging before and 20 minutes after administration of gadopentetate dimeglumine. Contrast(More)
BACKGROUND The high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration is inversely related to the risk of coronary artery disease. The cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) has a central role in the metabolism of this lipoprotein and may therefore alter the susceptibility to atherosclerosis. METHODS The DNA of 807 men with angiographically(More)
BACKGROUND Intensive lowering of serum cholesterol may retard progression of coronary atherosclerosis in selected groups of patients. However, few data are available on the potential benefit of serum cholesterol reduction in the broad range of patients with coronary atherosclerosis and normal to moderately elevated serum cholesterol levels who undergo(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides high-resolution images of the heart. However, physical exercise during MRI is difficult due to space restriction and motion artefacts. To evaluate the feasibility of MRI during stress conditions, dobutamine was used as an alternative to exercise. Haemodynamics, ventricular volumes and wall thickening were measured(More)
The diagnostic value of gadolinium-DTPA (diethylenetriamine penta-acetic acid) enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in patients treated by thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction was assessed in 27 consecutive patients who had a first acute myocardial infarction (14 anterior, 13 inferior) and who underwent thrombolytic treatment and coronary(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperhomocysteinemia, an independent and graded risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD), may result from both environmental and hereditary factors. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) catalyzes the conversion of methylenetetrahydrofolate to methyltetrahydrofolate, the methyl donor in the remethylation of homocysteine to methionine.(More)
BACKGROUND Intensive lipid lowering may retard the progression of coronary atherosclerosis. LDL-apheresis has the potential to decrease LDL cholesterol to very low levels. To assess the effect of more aggressive lipid lowering with LDL-apheresis, we set up a randomized study in men with hypercholesterolemia and severe coronary atherosclerosis. METHODS AND(More)
We investigated whether left ventricular hypertrophy in elite cyclists is associated with functional changes or abnormal energy metabolism. Left ventricular hypertrophy is a powerful risk factor for sudden cardiac death with different prognostic significance among the various geometric forms. Cyclists may have a combination of mixed eccentric and concentric(More)
To evaluate first pass in the right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) cavities and myocardial perfusion, subsecond MR imaging was performed in seven normal subjects following intravenous bolus injection of Gd-DTPA. After the baseline scans, sequential ECG-triggered images were obtained every three to four RR intervals. The procedure consisted of an(More)
According to the Rosenblueth-Simeone model, the heart rate (HR) is proportional to the sympathovagal balance. The individual proportionality constant is the intrinsic heart rate, which can only be determined invasively. The normalized low-frequency heart rate variability power (LF) has been raised as a calibrated noninvasive alternative. To concrete this(More)