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This paper gives the equations for the use of fast Fourier transformations in individual atomic anisotropic refinement. Restraints on bonded atoms, on the sphericity of each atom and between non-crystallographic symmetry related atoms are described. These have been implemented in the program REFMAC and its performance with several examples is analysed. All(More)
This Letter reports results from the MINOS experiment based on its initial exposure to neutrinos from the Fermilab NuMI beam. The rates and energy spectra of charged current nu(mu) interactions are compared in two detectors located along the beam axis at distances of 1 and 735 km. With 1.27 x 10(20) 120 GeV protons incident on the NuMI target, 215 events(More)
The active center of DNA-dependent RNA polymerase performs the principal biochemical reaction of gene expression. Using cross-linkable substrate analogs and site-directed mutations, two evolutionarily invariant amino acids in the beta subunit of the Escherichia coli enzyme (Lys1065 and His1237) were mapped close to the binding site of the priming substrate(More)
We have mapped principal sites in the Escherichia coli RNA polymerase molecule that are exposed to attack by trypsin under limited proteolysis conditions. The 1342-amino acid-long beta subunit is alternatively cleaved at Arg903 or Lys909. The cleavage occurs adjacent to a dispensable domain (residues 940-1040) that is absent in the homologous RNA polymerase(More)
Activated carbon (AC) can help overcome toxicity of pollutants to microbes and facilitate soil bioremediation. We used this approach to treat a Histosol and an Alluvial soil historically contaminated with PCB (4190 and 1585 mg kg(-1), respectively; primarily tri-, tetra- and pentachlorinated congeners). Results confirmed PCB persistence; reductions in PCB(More)
Transverse momentum spectra of charged hadrons with p(T)<8 GeV/c and neutral pions with p(T)<10 GeV/c have been measured at midrapidity by the PHENIX experiment at BNL RHIC in d+Au collisions at sqrt[s(NN)]=200 GeV. The measured yields are compared to those in p+p collisions at the same sqrt[s(NN)] scaled up by the number of underlying nucleon-nucleon(More)
The Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search (MINOS) experiment uses an accelerator-produced neutrino beam to perform precision measurements of the neutrino oscillation parameters in the " atmospheric neutrino " sector associated with muon neutrino disappearance. This long-baseline experiment measures neutrino interactions in Fermilab's NuMI neutrino beam(More)
Measurements of the production of forward high-energy pi(0) mesons from transversely polarized proton collisions at sqrt[s]=200 GeV are reported. The cross section is generally consistent with next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations. The analyzing power is small at x(F) below about 0.3, and becomes positive and large at higher x(F), similar to(More)
Illicit new psychoactive substances (NPS) are a serious threat to health throughout the world. Such NPS do not usually pass preliminary pharmacological trials. In 2014, we identified a series of five new synthetic cannabinoids with an indazole-3-carboxamide structure bearing an N-1-methoxycarbonylalkyl group. The compounds have very high cannabimimetic(More)
Two-pion correlation functions in Au+Au collisions at square root of [s(NN)] = 130 GeV have been measured by the STAR (solenoidal tracker at RHIC) detector. The source size extracted by fitting the correlations grows with event multiplicity and decreases with transverse momentum. Anomalously large sizes or emission durations, which have been suggested as(More)