Learn More
Flavone acetic acid is the second in a series of compounds based on the flavonoid aglycone ring structure to be clinically evaluated in malignant disease. Preclinical studies have indicated that a minimum plasma level of 150 micrograms/ml is required before therapeutic efficacy (in a wide range of experimental tumors) is seen in mice; both in vitro and in(More)
N-Debenzoyl-N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-10-deacytyl taxol (Taxotere, RP 56976) is a semisynthetic analogue of taxol, prepared from a noncytotoxic precursor extracted from the needles of the European yew tree (Taxus baccata L.). It has a broad spectrum of antitumor activity against a variety of transplantable tumors in mice. In vitro cytotoxicity assays suggest(More)
PURPOSE The DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (decitabine) induces DNA demethylation and re-expression of epigenetically silenced genes, and increases carboplatin sensitivity of tumor xenograft models. We designed a clinical study to determine the feasibility of delivering a dose of decitabine, combined with carboplatin, that would be(More)
EO9 is a synthetic indoloquinone which was designed to undergo redox cycling and formation of alkylating intermediates under bioreductive conditions. As part of a phase I clinical trial, EO9 plasma disposition was evaluated in 20 patients receiving 2.7-15 mg/m2i.v. weekly for 3 weeks. Pharmacokinetic studies were performed with the first and third dose of(More)
Rhizoxin is a tubulin-binding cytotoxic compound, isolated from the fungus Rhizopus chinensis, with significant antineoplastic activity in several murine and human tumor models. In this Phase I study, the drug was administered by i.v. bolus injection at 3-wk intervals. Twenty-four patients with refractory solid tumors were treated; 60 courses of rhizoxin(More)
We have conducted a Phase I and initial clinical pharmacological evaluation of LM985, the first of a series of compounds based on the flavone ring structure to be considered for clinical trial in malignant disease. The drug was administered i.v. to 26 patients with advanced cancer on an every-21-day schedule. Patients were treated at 14 dosage levels(More)
Recent clinical trials have suggested that a combination of folinic acid and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) may improve response rates and survival in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. However, this regimen has been complicated by potentially life threatening toxicity. Regional delivery of folinic acid via a hepatic artery catheter might be expected to(More)
We investigated the differences in plasma protein binding of flavone acetic acid (FAA) in mice and men in an attempt to explain the inter-species differences in response. In vitro data indicate both qualitative and quantitative differences in FAA protein binding: approximately 80% is bound in humans, with two different types of binding site identified; in(More)
Rhizoxin is a macrocyclic lactone compound that binds to tubulin and inhibits microtubule assembly. Rhizoxin demonstrated preclinical anti-tumour activity against a variety of human tumour cell lines and xenograft models. Phase I evaluation found a maximum tolerated rhizoxin dose of 2.6 mg m-2, with reversible, but dose-limiting, mucositis, leucopenia and(More)
Circumvention of multidrug resistance in vitro by resistance modulators is well documented but their clinical use may be limited by effects on normal tissues. We have compared four resistance modifiers, both in terms of modulation of doxorubicin sensitivity in vitro and toxicity in vivo, in order to determine whether it is possible to select agents with(More)