Albert S Mildvan

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The MgATP binding site of adenylate kinase, located by a combination of NMR and x-ray diffraction, is near three protein segments, five to seven amino acids in length, that are homologous in sequence to segments found in other nucleotide-binding phosphotransferases, such as myosin and F1-ATPase, ras p21 and transducin GTPases, and cAMP-dependent and src(More)
Nudix hydrolases catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleoside diphosphates linked to other moieties, X, and contain the sequence motif or Nudix box, GX(5)EX(7)REUXEEXGU. The mechanisms of Nudix hydrolases are highly diverse in the position on the substrate at which nucleophilic substitution occurs, and in the number of required divalent cations. While most proceed(More)
Most enzymes involved in cell signaling, such as protein kinases, protein phosphatases, GTPases, and nucleotide cyclases catalyze nucleophilic substitutions at phosphorus. When possible, the mechanisms of such enzymes are most clearly described quantitatively in terms of how associative or dissociative they are. The mechanisms of cell signaling enzymes(More)
Manganese is mutagenic in vivo and in vitro in studies with a variety of enzymes and templates. Using Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I with poly[d(A-T)] and phi X174 DNA templates, we analyzed the mechanism of manganese mutagenesis by determining the dependence of error rate on free Mn2+ concentration and comparing this to measured dissociation constants(More)
The solution secondary structure of the highly active Y55F/Y88F "Tyr-14-only" mutant of delta 5-3-ketosteroid isomerase complexed with 19-nortestosterone hemisuccinate has been shown to consist of three helices, a six-stranded mixed beta-sheet, and five turns. The steroid binds near the general acid, Tyr-14, on helix 1, near the general base, Asp-38, on the(More)
Recombinant human tyrosine hydroxylase has been purified as a metal-free apoenzyme (apo-hTH1) which tightly binds one Fe2+, Co2+, or Zn2+ per subunit with activation only by Fe2+ and competitive inhibition by the other cations. L-tyrosine and L-phenylalanine are alternative substrates for this enzyme, giving similar Vmax values, although the KM value for(More)