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Giardia duodenalis is a widespread parasite of mammalian species, including humans. Due to its invariant morphology, investigations of aspects such as host specificity and transmission patterns require the direct genetic characterisation of parasites from faecal samples. We performed a sequence analysis of four genes (ssrRNA, β-giardin, glutamate(More)
An epizootiological survey was conducted to investigate the prevalence of hepatozoonosis in a population of 924 apparently asymptomatic dogs from different regions of Croatia. DNA was isolated from canine blood and screening PCR on the 666 bp fragment of 18S rRNA revealed that 108 (11.8%) of dogs were infected. Positive samples were confirmed by partial(More)
The morphologically small Babesia species isolated from naturally infected dogs in Europe, Japan, and US are described as Babesia gibsoni despite the fact that molecular techniques show that they should be assigned to two or three separate taxons. The morphologically large Babesia isolated from dogs in Europe, Africa, and US were generally classified as B.(More)
Cross-sectional investigation was done on seroprevalence of Leishmania sp. infection among apparently healthy dogs in an area where canine leishmaniosis is endemic. Survey included 68 dogs living in the coastal city of Split, and 238 dogs living in 12 villages scattered in the hinterland. Each dog was clinically examined for the presence of some discrete(More)
Babesiosis, the disease caused by tick-borne hematozoan parasites of the genus Babesia, is particularly common in dogs, and is caused by several "large" species of Babesia, as well as by an increasing number of "small" species of Babesia, some of which appear to be more closely related to members of the genus Theileria. In this work, blood samples were(More)
Groups of hog sera from endemic and non-endemic areas for swine trichinellosis in Yugoslavia were tested by ELISA using excretory-secretory (ES) antigens collected from T. spiralis muscle larvae maintained in vitro for 24, 48 or 72 h. The 24-h ES had the highest level of specificity for T. spiralis infection. Antigen preparations recovered after 48 or 72 h(More)
In a long term epidemiological survey that included different hosts for Trichinella spiralis among wild and domestic animals, the parasitological and serological screening revealed a high number of positive animals. The incidence of T. spiralis in grazing pigs was high, 21.76% (170 examined) but most of positive animals were lightly infected (0.016-0.02(More)
A total of 1401 German and 226 Croatian pigs raised either indoors or outdoors were tested for Trichinella infection by direct and indirect detection methods. A 10 g sample of diaphragm were examined for muscle larvae by the artificial digestion method; the species was determined by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). For detection of(More)
Whether the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) is a reservoir of Trichinella spp. infection or merely an accidental host, which may be vector of Trichinella spp., continues to be debated. We estimated the prevalence of Trichinella sp. infection in brown rat populations and in domestic pigs in 2 villages in Croatia, where Trichinella sp. infection in pigs has(More)
Complete sequences of ribosomal and mitochondrial genes of the giant liver fluke Fascioloides magna are presented. In particular, small subunit (18S) and internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2) of the ribosomal gene (rDNA), as well as cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1) and nicotinamide dehydrogenase subunit I (nad1) of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA),(More)