Albert Manninen

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A multipass cell (MPC) design for laser absorption spectroscopy is presented. The development of this new type of optical cell was driven by stringent criteria for compactness, robustness, low volume, and ease of use in optical systems. A single piece of reflective toroidal surface forms a near-concentric cavity with a volume of merely 40 cm(3). Contrary to(More)
RATIONALE Nitrous oxide (N(2)O), a highly climate-relevant trace gas, is mainly derived from microbial denitrification and nitrification processes in soils. Apportioning N(2)O to these source processes is a challenging task, but better understanding of the processes is required to improve mitigation strategies. The N(2)O site-specific (15)N signatures from(More)
An electromechanical film, EMFi, is utilized as a transducer in a photoacoustic (PA) gas sensor. The film is a sensitive acoustic transducer, it is easily formable, and it exhibits a wide frequency response regardless of its large surface area. As a demonstration of its capabilities, the EMFi-based PA detector is used to measure NO(2) with pulsed excitation(More)
Different wavelength modulation waveforms were studied comprehensively in tunable diode laser photoacoustic spectroscopy. The generation of the photoacoustic signal was studied by way of simulations and experiments. A cantilever-enhanced photoacoustic detector and CO(2) sample gas were used in the experiments. The modulation waveforms compared in this study(More)
A hyperspectral remote sensing instrument employing a novel near-infrared supercontinuum light source has been developed for active illumination and identification of targets. The supercontinuum is generated in a standard normal dispersion multi-mode fiber and has 16 W total optical output power covering 1000 nm to 2300 nm spectral range. A commercial(More)
A new approach to high temperature gas analysis by means of photoacoustic (PA) spectroscopy is presented. The transverse modes of the resonant PA cell were excited with a pulsed laser and detected with a microphone. Changes in the properties of the PA cell resulting from a varying temperature are discussed and considered when processing the PA signal. The(More)
A novel multipass photoacoustic cell with five stacked electromechanical films as a microphone has been constructed, tested and characterized. The photoacoustic cell is an open rectangular structure with two steel plates facing each other. The longitudinal acoustic resonances are excited transversely in an optical multipass configuration. A detection limit(More)
Photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS) is based on the conversion of light to acoustic waves via absorption and local thermal relaxation. Recent progress of lasers and sensitive microphones make it one of the most sensitive gas analysis tools. The other benefits of PAS are zero background signal and simple implementation of detector. Sensitivity of the detector(More)
Laser-induced fluorescence is used to investigate fluorescence properties of unwashed Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus subtilis spores, ovalbumin, and washed bacteriophage MS2. A fluorescence detector is calibrated to obtain absolute fluorescence cross sections. Fluorescence maps of biological aerosols and suspensions are measured at a wide excitation(More)