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The photocycle of the photoactive yellow protein (PYP) from Ectothiorhodospira halophila was examined by time-resolved difference absorption spectroscopy in the wavelength range of 300-600 nm. Both time-gated spectra and single wavelength traces were measured. Global analysis of the data established that in the time domain between 5 ns and 2 s only two(More)
Establishing methods for controlling aspects of large amplitude submolecular movements is a prerequisite for the development of artificial devices that function through rotary motion at the molecular level. Here we demonstrate that the rate of rotation of the interlocked components of fumaramide-derived [2]rotaxanes can be accelerated, by >6 orders of(More)
A rotaxane is described in which a macrocycle moves reversibly between two hydrogen-bonding stations after a nanosecond laser pulse. Observation of transient changes in the optical absorption spectrum after photoexcitation allows direct quantitative monitoring of the submolecular translational process. The rate of shuttling was determined and the influence(More)
The photoisomerization of the push-pull substituted azo dye Disperse Red 1 is studied using femtosecond time-resolved absorption spectroscopy and other spectroscopic and computational techniques. In comparison with azobenzene, the pipi* state is more stabilized by the effects of push-pull substitution than the npi* state, but the latter is probably still(More)
Rotaxanes comprise macrocycles that can shuttle between docking stations along an axle. We explored the nanosecond shuttling mechanism by reversing the relative binding affinities of two stations through ultraviolet-induced transient reduction. We monitored the ensuing changes in the CO-stretching bands of the two stations and the shuttling macrocycle by(More)
The solvatochromic behavior of N-(2,5-di-tert-butylphenyl)-9-pyrrolidinoperylene-3,4-dicarboximide () was investigated by measuring the excitation and emission spectra over a wide range of temperature in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (MTHF). The temperature induced spectral changes can be compared with the changes caused by changing solvent polarity using(More)
A series of molecular motors featuring a symmetrical acridane stator is reported. Photochemical and thermal isomerization experiments confirm that this stator, in combination with a thiopyran rotor, results in molecular rotary motion in which the rate-determining thermal helix inversion proceeds effectively only at temperatures above 373 K. The introduction(More)
The binding of disulfides to gold nanoparticles was investigated using fluorescence spectroscopy and a perylene-monoimide dye coupled to a dissymmetric disulfide via a tetraethyleneglycolalkyl chain (PMImSS). Quantum chemical calculations using the polarizable continuum model (PCM) predict a strong quenching of perylene-monoimide fluorescence by gold(More)
We report the synthesis and surface attachment of an ultrafast light-driven rotary molecular motor. Transient absorption spectroscopy revealed that the half-life of the rate determining thermal step of the rotary cycle in solution is 38 ± 1 ns, the shortest yet observed, making this the fastest molecular motor reported. Incorporation of acetylene legs into(More)
Fluorescence microscopy and conductivity measurements reveal a remarkably strong effect of hydrophobic groups on the mobility of protons in water. The addition of 5 M of tetramethylurea (4 methyl groups per molecule) results in a reduction of the proton mobility by a factor of approximately 10: hydrophobic hydration strongly suppresses proton mobility.(More)