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PURPOSE Mutation in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) at R132 (IDH1(R132MUT)) is frequent in low-grade diffuse gliomas and, within glioblastoma (GBM), has been proposed as a marker for GBMs that arise by transformation from lower-grade gliomas, regardless of clinical history. To determine how GBMs arising with IDH1(R132MUT) differ from other GBMs, we(More)
BACKGROUND There is much discussion in the cancer drug development community about how to incorporate molecular tools into early-stage clinical trials to assess target modulation, measure anti-tumor activity, and enrich the clinical trial population for patients who are more likely to benefit. Small, molecularly focused clinical studies offer the promise of(More)
OBJECTIVE Bevacizumab has been shown to be effective in the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma in combination with chemotherapy compared with historic controls but not in randomized trials. METHODS We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients treated for recurrent glioblastoma with bevacizumab vs a control group of patients, comparing(More)
PURPOSE This open-label, prospective, multicenter single-arm phase II study combined bevacizumab (BV) with radiation therapy (RT) and temozolomide (TMZ) for the treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM). The objectives were to determine the efficacy of this treatment combination and the associated toxicity. PATIENTS AND METHODS Seventy patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tumor location is a significant prognostic factor in glioblastoma, which may reflect the genetic profile of tumor precursor cells. The purpose of the current study was to construct and analyze probabilistic radiographic atlases reflecting preoperative tumor locations and corresponding demographic, "-omic," and interventional(More)
PURPOSE To determine if apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis can stratify progression-free survival in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) prior to bevacizumab treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the institutional review board and was HIPAA compliant; informed consent was obtained.(More)
Patients with recurrent gliomas (n = 14) were treated with bevacizumab and carboplatin, cpt-11, or etoposide. Follow-up MRI scans were obtained 2 to 6 weeks after initiation of treatment. Contrast-enhancing tumor shrank in 7 patients, with reductions evident in as little as 2 weeks after initiation of therapy. Treatment seemed more effective for(More)
PURPOSE Evaluation of treatment effects in malignant brain tumors is challenging because of the lack of reliable response predictors of tumor response. This study examines the predictive value of positron emission tomography (PET) using [18F] fluorothymidine (FLT), an imaging biomarker of cell proliferation, in patients with recurrent malignant gliomas(More)
Promoter methylation of O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) is associated with a favorable prognosis in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and has been hypothesized to occur early in tumor transformation of glial cells. Thus, a possible link exists between the site of malignant transformation and MGMT promoter methylation status. Using the Analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A subset of patients with malignant glioma develops conspicuous lesions characterized by persistent restricted diffusion during treatment with bevacizumab. The purpose of the current study was to characterize the evolution of these lesions and to determine their relationship to patient outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty patients(More)