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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant form of primary brain tumors known as gliomas. They proliferate and invade extensively and yield short life expectancies despite aggressive treatment. Response to treatment is usually measured in terms of the survival of groups of patients treated similarly, but this statistical approach misses the(More)
Glioblastomas are the most aggressive primary brain tumors, characterized by their rapid proliferation and diffuse infiltration of the brain tissue. Survival patterns in patients with glioblastoma have been associated with a number of clinicopathologic factors including age and neurologic status, yet a significant quantitative link to in vivo growth(More)
<i>Most software systems are inflexible. Reconfiguring a system's modules to add or to delete a feature requires substantial effort. This inflexibility increases the costs of building variants of a system, amongst other problems.</i> <i>New languages and tools that are being developed to provide additional support for separating concerns show promise to(More)
Patients with recurrent gliomas (n = 14) were treated with bevacizumab and carboplatin, cpt-11, or etoposide. Follow-up MRI scans were obtained 2 to 6 weeks after initiation of treatment. Contrast-enhancing tumor shrank in 7 patients, with reductions evident in as little as 2 weeks after initiation of therapy. Treatment seemed more effective for(More)
OBJECTIVE Bevacizumab has been shown to be effective in the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma in combination with chemotherapy compared with historic controls but not in randomized trials. METHODS We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients treated for recurrent glioblastoma with bevacizumab vs a control group of patients, comparing(More)
BACKGROUND There is much discussion in the cancer drug development community about how to incorporate molecular tools into early-stage clinical trials to assess target modulation, measure anti-tumor activity, and enrich the clinical trial population for patients who are more likely to benefit. Small, molecularly focused clinical studies offer the promise of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Tumor location is a significant prognostic factor in glioblastoma, which may reflect the genetic profile of tumor precursor cells. The purpose of the current study was to construct and analyze probabilistic radiographic atlases reflecting preoperative tumor locations and corresponding demographic, "-omic," and interventional(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastomas are the most common primary brain tumour in adults. While the prognosis for patients is poor, gene expression profiling has detected signatures that can sub-classify GBMs relative to histopathology and clinical variables. One category of GBM defined by a gene expression signature is termed ProNeural (PN), and has substantially(More)
W Wouldn't it be advantageous to know in advance that the use of AOP [3] for your next project would be successful? Unfortunately, developers and managers seldom have access to evidence assuring them that the benefits promised by a new technology, such as AOP, will be achieved if they adopt the technology. Instead, they must take a leap of faith, believing(More)
BACKGROUND Promoter methylation of the DNA repair gene, O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), is associated with improved treatment outcome for newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM) treated with standard chemoradiation. To determine the prognostic significance of MGMT protein expression as assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and its relationship(More)