Albert Krause

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A consecutive series of 3,707 patients over a 12 year period undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) included 250 diet/oral medication-controlled and 162 insulin-dependent patients with diabetes mellitus. Analysis of 20 pre- and 18 intra-operative variables revealed a higher incidence of hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and(More)
BACKGROUND Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is purported to reduce perioperative mortality and morbidity compared with on-pump coronary bypass graft surgery. However, the outcomes of patients for whom an off-pump strategy must be changed to an on-pump procedure during surgery have not been extensively studied. METHODS AND RESULTS The(More)
The Medtronic Freestyle aortic root bioprosthesis has been implanted in patients since August 1992. This study reviews clinical and echocardiographic results at midterm (5 years) after implantation. The Freestyle bioprosthesis was implanted in 1,100 patients in a 21-center Food and Drug Administration clinical trial from August 1992 to October 1998. The(More)
A consecutive series of 7104 patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass grafting during an 18-year period (1971 to 1988) included 469 patients older than 75 years. Results were analyzed to determine comparative risk factors for morbidity, early and late survival, and functional outcome. Patients younger than 75 years (group I) and patients older(More)
Results in 23 patients operated upon for the repair of aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta with a TDMAC-heparin-bonded shunt are reported. The results with particular reference to paraplegia are compared with those in 365 patients operated upon by members of The Samson Thoracic Surgical Society utilizing this and other techniques. No technique(More)
During an 18-year period a consecutive series of 6591 patients underwent primary coronary bypass grafting and 508 patients underwent reoperative bypass. The mean patient age for the reoperative group was identical to that of the primary group, 59.8 years, but the mean age at initial operation for the reoperative group was 55.2 years. Mammary grafts were(More)
Echocardiography was used in the serial evaluation of 50 patients at 1, 3, and 7 years after aortic valve replacement with a new bovine pericardial aortic bioprosthesis. For valve sizes of 19-27 mm, at 7 years of follow-up mean transvalvular gradients (xGrad) ranged from 15.2 to 8.0 mm Hg, and calculated mean valve areas (AVA) ranged from 1.06 to 1.79 cm2.(More)
The incidence of prior percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in surgical cases is nearly doubling yearly. In 1985, 11.4% of our bypass patients had one or more prior angioplasties. One hundred thirty-five patients with prior angioplasty are compared to 2,205 patients without angioplasty undergoing surgical revascularization. The mortality is 3.2(More)
Nonstented porcine bioprostheses offer the surgeon a larger implant option with better hemodynamics than stented counterparts by eliminating the space occupied by the frame. A secondary benefit may be improved durability related to reduction of leaflet stresses created by the frame. The Medtronic Freestyle stentless porcine aortic root can be implanted as a(More)